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Ford model b


Ford Model B

1934 Ford Model B Hotrod

The Model B was a Ford automobile with production starting with model year 1932 and ending with 1934.

It was a much updated version of the Model A and was replaced by the 1935 Ford Model 48. Strictly speaking, the Model B was a four-cylinder car with an improved version of the engine used in the Model A, but Ford also began producing a very similar car with Ford's new flathead V‑8 engine. The V‑8 car was marketed as the Model 18, though it is commonly called the Ford V‑8, and, other than the engine, is virtually indistinguishable from the Model B. Up to this time, Ford had produced only one "model" at each time with range of body options and retained the idea of a single basic platform, despite the engine choice and two associated model designations. (This explains why the colloquial name "Ford V‑8" by itself was sufficiently descriptive in the early 1930s; it was the Ford with a V‑8, unlike in later decades, when the paradigm of various models to a make became universal.) Model B and Model 18 Fords came in a large variety of body styles: two-door roadster, two-door cabriolet, four-door phaeton, two-door and four-door sedans, four-door 'woodie" station wagon, two-door Victoria, two-door convertible sedan, Panel and sedan deliveries, five-window coupe, a sport coupe (stationary softtop) and the three-window Deluxe Coupe. Prices ranged from US$495 for the roadster and the coupe's $490 to the $650 convertible sedan. Production totals numbered from 12,597 for the roadster to 124,101 for the two-door sedan. 298,647 V8-powered Bs sold in 1932, and except for the fact Ford could not keep up with demand, the four-cylinder B would have been a disaster: dealers switched customers to them from the V8, and even then sold only 133,539, in part because the V8 cost only US$10 more. Nowadays, the roadster and coupe are most sought after, as these body styles are popular for streetrods and intact examples have become rare.

The Model 18 was the first low-priced, mass-marketed car to include a V‑8 engine, an important milestone in American automotive history. The V‑8 was rated at 65 hp (48 kW) when introduced, but power increased significantly with improvements to the carburetor and ignition in later years. This engine choice was more popular than the four-cylinder, which was essentially a variant of the Model A engine with improvements to balancing and lubrication. In both models the fuel tank was located in the lower rear of the car, as is typical in modern cars, rather than in the cowl as in the Model A and late Model T, requiring Ford to include an engine-driven fuel pump rather than rely on gravity feed.

The Ford V8 was also made by Ford in Britain in the 1930s. It was mildly re-styled and relaunched as the post-war Ford Pilot.

Today, the 1932 Model B is a highly collectible car that people will pay thousands of dollars to restore to exact original style. During the WWII period the Model Bs and V‑8s were frequently altered into hot rods. This continued into the 1960s on a large scale, being noted in popular media of that time via a hit song. Since the 1970s, 1932 bodies and frames have been reproduced either in fiberglass or lately in steel, which has helped resolve bodywork shortages, and increased the number of "rods" being created or restored. Those that are made are often very expensive. A typical auto-show hot rod may be $60,000 or more.

Contents

[show]

Deuce coupe

Deuce coupe is a slang term used to refer to the 1932 Ford coupe, derived from the year of manufacture. In the 1940s, the '32 Ford became an ideal hot rod. Hot rodders would strip weight off this readily available car and soup up the engine. They came in two body styles, the more common "5-window" (two door windows, two quarter panel windows, and the rear window), and the rarer "3-window" De Luxe Coupe that featured rear-hinged suicide doors.

The term "deuce coupe" became famous in the hit Beach Boys song "Little Deuce Coupe".

1933 Ford

The 1933 revision of the car was substantial, especially considering how important the 1932 change had been. For its second year, the Ford's wheelbase was stretched from 106 in (2692 mm) to 112 in (2845 mm) on a new crossmember frame. The grille was revised, gaining a pointed forward slope at the bottom which resembled either a shovel or the 1932 Packard. Both the grille and hood louvers curved down and forward.

Power from the V‑8 was also increased to 75 hp (56 kW) with a revised ignition system. The four-cylinder engine continued unchanged, but was referred to (by some) as the Model C. Ford Motor Company never referred to its "Improved Four-Cylinder engine" as a "Model C" engine. This is a common misconception due the introduction of a larger counterbalanced crankshaft during the Model B engine production, and the letter "C" casting mark on most, but not all, of the Model B heads. (Model A part number suffix was ‑A, Police Special High Compression head part number suffix was ‑b, and there was a fairly large letter "B" casting mark about the center of the head.) Total sales for the model year were up to 311,113.

1934 Ford

The 1934 Ford (called the Model 40A) was not as substantial a model year change as the previous two years had been. Noticeable changes included a flatter grille with a wider surround and straight hood louvers. V‑8 output was again increased, this time to 85 hp (63 kW), and the four-cylinder Model B engine was in its last year, as was the Victoria body style; nevertheless, there were fourteen body options, the Tudor being top-seller.

Modern hot rods

Most newly built hot rods use fiberglass or more expensive, newly minted, steel bodies. The classic 1932 Ford lines are closely reproduced with new bodies. Sometimes original bodies are used, but the cost of originals is quite high. 1933 Fords are also popular starting points for hot rod construction.

Because the 1932 Ford is extremely popular with hot rodders, unmodified versions are becoming exceptionally rare.

Gallery

Black Ford Model B

1934 Ford Model B Streetrod

Ford Model B Streetrod

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B 'Razberry Deuce'

Ford Model B 'Deuce'

1932 Ford Model B

1930s Ford Model B custom pick-up

1932 Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B seen in Nashville, TN

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

1934 Ford Model B

1933 Ford Model B hot rod

Ford Model B

Ford Model B

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Ford Model B Hotrod

Add a photo to this gallery

Replicas

Rover-based Model B replica hotrod

Add a photo to this gallery

classiccars.wikia.com

Ford Model B (1932)

See also: Ford Model B (1904)

The Model B was a Ford automobile with production starting with model year 1932 and ending with 1934. It was a much updated version of the Model A and was replaced by the 1935 Ford Model 48. Strictly speaking, the Model B was a four-cylinder car with an improved version of the engine used in the Model A, but Ford also began producing a very similar car with Ford's new flathead V‑8 engine. The V‑8 car was marketed as the Model 18, though it is commonly called the Ford V‑8, and, other than the engine, is virtually indistinguishable from the Model B.

Up to this time, Ford had produced only one "model" at each time with range of body options and retained the idea of a single basic platform, despite the engine choice and two associated model designations. (This explains why the colloquial name "Ford V‑8" by itself was sufficiently descriptive in the early 1930s; it was the Ford with a V‑8, unlike in later decades, when the paradigm of various models to a make became universal.) Model B and Model 18 Fords came in a large variety of body styles: two-door roadster, two-door cabriolet, four-door phaeton, two-door and four-door sedans, four-door 'woodie" station wagon, two-door Victoria, two-door convertible sedan, Panel and sedan deliveries, five-window coupe, a sport coupe (stationary softtop) and the three-window Deluxe Coupe. Prices ranged from US$495[1] for the roadster and the coupe's $490 to the $650 convertible sedan. Production totals numbered from 12,597 for the roadster to 124,101 for the two-door sedan. 298,647 V8-powered Bs sold in 1932,[2] and except for the fact Ford could not keep up with demand, the four-cylinder B would have been a disaster: dealers switched customers to them from the V8, and even then sold only 133,539,[3] in part because the V8 cost only US$10 more.[4] Nowadays, the roadster and coupe are most sought after, as these body styles are popular for streetrods and intact examples have become rare.

The Model 18 was the first low-priced, mass-marketed car to include a V‑8 engine, an important milestone in American automotive history. The V‑8 was rated at 65 hp (48 kW) when introduced, but power increased significantly with improvements to the carburetor and ignition in later years. This engine choice was more popular than the four-cylinder, which was essentially a variant of the Model A engine with improvements to balancing and lubrication. In both models the fuel tank was located in the lower rear of the car, as is typical in modern cars, rather than in the cowl as in the Model A and late Model T, requiring Ford to include an engine-driven fuel pump rather than rely on gravity feed.

Today, the 1932 Model B is a highly collectible car that people will pay thousands of dollars to restore to exact original style. During the WWII period the Model Bs and V‑8s were frequently altered into hot rods. This continued into the 1960s on a large scale, being noted in popular media of that time via a hit song. Since the 1970s, 1932 bodies and frames have been reproduced either in fiberglass or lately in steel, which has helped resolve bodywork shortages, and increased the number of "rods" being created or restored. Those that are made are often very expensive. A typical auto-show hot rod may be $60,000 or more.

Contents

[show]

Deuce coupeEdit

1932 Ford De Luxe Coupe

Deuce coupe is a slang term used to refer to the 1932 Ford coupe, derived from the year of manufacture. In the 1940s, the '32 Ford became an ideal hot rod. Hot rodders would strip weight off this readily available car and 'soup up' the engine. They came in two body styles, the more common "5-window" (two door windows, two quarter panel windows, and the rear window), and the rarer "3-window" De Luxe Coupe that featured rear-hinged suicide doors.

1933 FordEdit

1933 Ford Streetrod

The 1933 revision of the car was substantial, especially considering how important the 1932 change had been. For its second year, the Ford's wheelbase was stretched from 106 in (2692 mm) to 112 in (2845 mm) on a new crossmember frame. The grille was revised, gaining a pointed forward slope at the bottom which resembled either a shovel or the 1932 Packard. Both the grille and hood louvers curved down and forward.

Power from the V‑8 was also increased to 75 hp (56 kW) with a revised ignition system. The four-cylinder engine continued unchanged, but was referred to (by some) as the Model C. Ford Motor Company never referred to its "Improved Four-Cylinder engine" as a "Model C" engine. This is a common misconception due the introduction of a larger counterbalanced crankshaft during the Model B engine production, and the letter "C" casting mark on most, but not all, of the Model B heads. (Model A part number suffix was ‑A, Police Special High Compression head part number suffix was ‑b, and there was a fairly large letter "B" casting mark about the center of the head.) Total sales for the model year were up to 311,113.[citation needed]

1934 FordEdit

1934 Ford Deluxe Fordor

1934 Ford Model B

1934 Ford Model B

The 1934 Ford (called the Model 40A) was not as substantial a model year change as the previous two years had been. Noticeable changes included a flatter grille with a wider surround and straight hood louvers. V‑8 output was again increased, this time to 85 hp (63 kW), and the four-cylinder Model B engine was in its last year, as was the Victoria body style; nevertheless, there were fourteen body options, the Tudor being top-seller.[5]

Modern hot rodsEdit

1932 Ford Hot Rod

Most newly built hot rods use fiberglass or more expensive, newly pressed, steel bodies. The classic 1932 Ford lines are closely reproduced with new bodies. Sometimes original bodies are used, but the cost of originals is quite high. 1933 Fords are also popular starting points for hot rod construction.

PreservationEdit

410 YUC a Ford V8 at the Carrington Steam and Tractor Rally/2011

List known surviving examples here

See alsoEdit

  • Ford of Britain
  • List of British car marques

ReferencesEdit

  1. ↑ Gauld, Graham. "The Ford Motor Company", in Northey, Tom, ed. World of Automobiles (London: Phoebus, 1974), Volume 6, p.694.
  2. ↑ Gauld, p.694.
  3. ↑ Gauld, p.694.
  4. ↑ Gauld, p.694.
  5. ↑ Gauld, p.694.

  • David L. Lewis (2005). 100 Years of Ford. Publications International, 81–89. ISBN 0-7853-7988-6. 
  • "Generations: Ford Model T to Crown Victoria". Edmunds.com. Retrieved on August 21, 2006.
  • Brinkley, Douglas. Wheels For The World: Henry Ford, His Company And A Century Of Progress.
  • Gauld, Graham. "The Ford Motor Company", in Northey, Tom, ed. World of Automobiles, Volume 6, pp.681-700. London: Phoebus, 1974.

tractors.wikia.com

Ford Model B (1932)

See also Ford Model B (1904) Ford V8 redirects here. For a list of Ford V8 engines, see List of Ford engines#8 Cylinder.

The Model B was a Ford automobile with production starting with model year 1932 and ending with 1934. It was a much updated version of the Model A and was replaced by the 1935 Ford Model 48. Strictly speaking, the Model B was a four-cylinder car with an improved version of the engine used in the Model A, but Ford also began producing a very similar car with Ford's new Flathead V8 engine. The V8 car was marketed as the Model 18, though it is commonly called the Ford V-8 today, and, other than the engine, is virtually indistinguishable from the Model B.

Up to this time, Ford had produced only one "model" at each time with range of body options and retained the idea of a single basic platform, despite the engine choice and two associated model designations. Model B and Model 18 Fords came in a large variety of body styles: two-door roadster, two-door cabriolet, four-door phaeton, two-door and four-door sedans, four-door 'Woodie" station wagon, two-door Victoria, two-door Convertible Sedan, Panel and Sedan Deliveries, five-window coupe, a sport coupe (stationary softtop) and the three-window Deluxe Coupe. Prices ranged from $460 for the roadster and the coupe's $490 to the $650 convertible sedan. Production totals numbered from 12,597 for the roadster to 124,101 for the two-door sedan. Nowadays, the roadster and coupe are most sought after, as these body styles are popular for streetrods and intact examples have become rare.

The Model 18 was the first low-priced, mass-marketed car to include a V-8 engine, an important milestone in American automotive history. The V-8 was rated at 65 hp (48 kW) when introduced, but power increased significantly with improvements to the carburetor and ignition in later years. This engine choice was more popular than the four-cylinder, which was essentially a variant of the Model A engine with improvements to balancing and lubrication. In both models the fuel tank was located in the lower rear of the car, as is typical in modern cars, rather than in the cowl as in the Model A and late Model T, requiring Ford to include an engine-driven fuel pump rather than rely on gravity feed.

Today, the 1932 Model B is a highly collectible car that people will pay thousands of dollars to restore to exact original style. During the WWII period the Model Bs and V8s were frequently altered into hot rods. This continued into the 1960s on a large scale. Since the 1970s, 1932 bodies and frames have been reproduced either in fiberglass or lately in steel, which has helped resolve bodywork shortages, and increased the number of "rods" being created or restored. Those that are made are often very expensive. A typical auto-show hot rod may be $60,000 or more.

Deuce coupe

1932 Ford De Luxe Coupe

Deuce coupe is a slang term used to refer to the 1932 Ford coupe, derived from the year of manufacture. In the 1940s, the '32 Ford became an ideal hot rod. Hot rodders would strip weight off this readily available car and soup-up the engine. They came in two body styles, the more common "5-window" (two door windows, two quarter panel windows, and the rear window), and the rarer "3-window" De Luxe Coupe that featured rear-hinged suicide doors.

1933 Ford

1933 Ford Streetrod

The 1933 revision of the car was substantial, especially considering how important the 1932 change had been. For its second year, the Ford's wheelbase was stretched from 106 in (2692 mm) to 112 in (2845 mm) on a new crossmember frame. The grille was revised, gaining a pointed forward slope at the bottom which resembled either a shovel or the 1932 Packard. Both the grille and hood louvers curved down and forward.

Power from the V8 was also increased to 75 hp (56 kW) with a revised ignition system. The four-cylinder engine continued unchanged, but referred to as the Model C (Ford Motor Company never produced nor referred to its "Improved Four-Cylinder engine" as Model "C" engine. This is a common misconception due the introduction of a larger counter balanced crankshaft during the Model B engine production, and the letter "C" casting mark on most, but not all, of the Model 'B" heads. (Model A part number suffix was -A, Police Special High Compression head part number suffix was -b and there was a fairly large letter "B" casting mark about the center of the head) Total sales for the model year were up to 311,113.

1934 Ford

1934 Ford Model B

The 1934 Ford (called the Model 40A) was not as substantial a model year change as the previous two years had been. Noticeable changes included a flatter grille with a wider surround and straight hood louvers. V8 output was again upped, this time to 85 hp (63 kW), and the four-cylinder Model B engine was in its last year as was the Victoria body style.

Modern hot rods

1932 Ford Hot Rod

Most newly built hot rods use fiberglass or more expensive, newly minted, steel bodies. The classic 1932 Ford lines are closely reproduced with new bodies. Sometimes original bodies are used, However the cost of originals is quite high. 1933 Fords are also popular starting points for hot rod construction.

Sources

External links

www.thefullwiki.org

Ford. История моделей

Многие утверждают, что Генри Форд решил создать автомобиль (родилась мысль о механическом транспортном средстве) когда упал с коня в юном возрасте. Может и так, но вряд ли это было четкое понимание того, что он вскоре начал делать.

По другой версии, Генри Форд жил в глубинке в семье фермера и с техническим прогрессом не был знаком. Но через отцовские земельные владения проходила железная дорога. И те редкие "железные монстры" которые проезжали мимо, заставляли юного Генри Форда застывать и восхищаться возможностям развития техники. "Действительно, а что мешает создать персональный "поезд" и пустить его по обычной дороге?" Возможно он так и думал...    

Родился Генри в 1863 году в семье ирландских эмигрантов. Детство прошло в окрестностях Детройта. Уже в 16 лет Форд сбежал из дома в Детройт и устроился на работу в компанию Edison Illuminating Company, где работал вначале инженером-механиком, а позже и главным инженером. Тут то он и прошел "школу молодого инженера". Хотя талантам и упорству Генри можно позавидовать, если он успевал расти по службе в компании и параллельно создавать свои автомобили!

Уже в 1899 году он стал совладельцем одной автомобильной компании Детройта, но вскоре из-за конфликтов с соучредителями он покинул ее и создал свою в 1903 году. Название, как Вы уже наверное догадались, было: Ford Motor Company. Это и был год рождения всемирно известного автомобильного бренда.

Первый автомобиль выпущенный новорожденной компанией был Ford A. Он изображен на самой первой фотографии в этой статье (вверху слева). По внешнему виду это была "механизированная карета".

Мне кажется, это свидетельствует о том, что прогресс движется по плавной кривой вверх из-за стереотипов мышления человека связанных с его воспитанием и окружением. Ведь мотоцикл тоже сделали не "с нуля", а просто приделали к велосипеду мотор.

Далее Генри Форду приходится не сладко, на него подают в суд за нарушение патентов. Человек, который подал в суд (и с ним еще несколько представителей зарождавшейся авто индустрии), получил патент только по чертежам. А потом они создали сообщество авто производителей, чтобы стать монополистами.

Но смелый Генри пошел против этого "катка" и вначале проиграл суд. Но вскоре в 1909 году дело было пересмотрено, так как Форд доказал, что он использовал на своем Ford A двигатель другой конструкции. Короче говоря, Генри выстоял и завоевал симпатии своих покупатель за права которых он также боролся.

В 1908 году выпускается следующая модель Форда, которая становится очень популярной и самой недорогой на рынке (около 850 долларов США)! Это был Ford T, прозванный в народе как "Жестянка Лиззи"

Ford model T 1908 года Ford T пикап 1914 года

На автомобиль Ford T был установлен 4-х цилиндровый бензиновый двигатель с рабочим объемом 2893 см3. Объем конечно же внушительный для автомобиля весом в 880 кГ, но мощность была всего 22,5 л.с.

Жестянка Лиззи стала очень популярной. Средняя зарплата на то время в США была около 100 долларов, а Ford T вначале продавался по цене 825-850 долларов, а потом после запуска конвейерной сборки—350 долларов! Производство этих моделей Форд запустил еще в нескольких странах по всему миру: Германия, Франция, Великобритания и Австралия.

Как утверждает Википедия, всего Т-эшек было выпущено 15175868 шт (больше 15-ти миллионов!).

Интересно, что в конце 1920-тых годов руководство компании Форда подписало договор с руководством Советского Союза. В договоре также шла речь о помощи СССР в строительстве автомобильного завода в Нижнем Новгороде. По сути там хотели выпускать автомобили Форда по лицензии. Хотя названия машин были изменены на ГАЗ-А и ГАЗ-АА. Это и понятно, на фоне анти-западной пропаганды появление Фордов на дорогах СССР было бы интересно наблюдать...  

В 1930 годах компания Форда запустила автомобильный завод на территории нацистской Германии, и начала выпускать технику для Рейха. За этот проступок Генри попал в немилость военных США. Генри даже был награжден самой высокой наградой 3-го Рейха. Но, правда, сначала войны производство автомобилей на территории Германии свернули и начали производство военной техники на территории США.

Здесь трудно о чем-то судить и делать однозначные выводы. Не думаю, что Генри Форд поддерживал нацистскую идеологию, это, скорее всего, элементарное желание наживы на военном времени. Ведь, наверняка, Гитлер предложил Форду "большой куш" из военного автопрома.

В 20-х годах модель T уже сильно устарела и уступала по многим параметрам автомобилям конкурентов. Компания Форда закрылась на 6-ть месяцев для реструктуризации и для подготовки выпуска новых моделей. Как видите, ставка на один продукт компании оказалась очень рискованной, особенно в условиях растущего спроса и развитии конкурентов, которые уже предлагали более совершенные автомобили.

В результате в 1927 году появился Ford A, который выпускался до 1931 года. А в 1932 году появился Ford Model B. Чуть позже модельный ряд еще расширили моделью класса "люкс": Ford Fordor Delux (1934 год).

С 1932 года компания Форда начинает производить первые в мире V-образные 8-ми цилиндровые двигатели с монолитным блоком цилиндров. Этими двигателями оснащались Ford B и Ford Fordor Delux. Эти двигатели имели мощность 65 л.с.

Далее, чтобы не утомлять Вас выкладкой цифр, я просто приведу фотографии моделей Форда в хронологическом порядке. Но еще пожалуй стоит сказать, что компания Ford пожалуй одна из немногих автомобильных компаний, которая всегда была подконтрольная одной семье Фордов. (Основатель Генри Форд умер в 1947 году). 

В 1942-1947 годах компания переключилась на производство военной техники: моторов для самолетов, танков и самолетов.  

Ford F-1 1948-1952 годы Ford F-100 1953-1956 годы Ford F-100 1957-1960 годы

Пикапы Ford модели F очень пришлись по душе американцам, особенно фермерам. Автомобили с таким кузовом до сих пор пользуются у них большим успехом. Пикапы Форд выпускались с разной грузоподъемностью от 500 кГ (F-100) до 1000 кГ (F-360). 

Еще одна модель очень быстро понравилась покупателям и до сих пор пользуется популярность. Это автомобиль с громким названием: Ford Mustang. Это настоящая легенда американского автопрома и в частности компании Форд.

Первый Mustang сошел с конвейера в 1964 году, после нескольких неудач первых прототипов, которые не были восприняты с восторгом. Также они были с не очень удачным дизайном. К концу 1964 года было продано чуть больше 250 тыс. автомобилей!

Ford Mustang 1964 года Ford Mustang 1967 года Ford Mustang 1974-1978 годы

Базовая модификация Мустанга 1966 года комплектовалась 6-ти цилиндровым двигателем с мощность 120 л.с. и рабочим объемом 3,2 литра. Но для особых случаев была возможность установки 8-ми цилиндровой V-образки мощностью 271 л.с. Это уже была "РАКЕТА", а не автомобиль! 

И вот Мустанг последнего поколения, модель выпускается с 2005 года.

Ford Mustang 2005 года

Вернемся немного назад к рождению других моделей Ford. В 1965 году появилась модель легкового автомобиля Ford LTD ("Luxury Trim Decor"). Далее фото в хронологическом порядке...  

Ford LTD 1965 года Ford LTD 1969 года FORD LTD WAGON 1976 года

Еще был один автомобиль, который пользовался огромным успехом у американцев. Это Ford Taurus, который был награжден многими наградами (Например, "Автомобильный тренд года").  

Ford Taurus 2000 года Ford Taurus 2013 года

Среди европейских автомобилей еще есть несколько популярных моделей Ford: это Ford Scorpio, Ford Mondeo, Ford Fiesta, Ford Escort и другие... На них подробно я останавливаться не буду, потому что они все Вам прекрасно знакомы. Ниже приведу несколько фотографий...   

Вот, пожалуй пока и все. По мере появления еще новых интересных фактов и Ваших комментариев—статья будет редактироваться и дополнятся. Благодарю за внимание.

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