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Ford bronco


Ford Bronco

For the Ford Bronco II of 1983 to 1990, see Ford Bronco II.

The Ford Bronco is a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV, predating the term SUV) manufactured and marketed by Ford from 1966 to 1996, over five generations of vehicles. Ford has described plans to reintroduce the Bronco in 2020.

The Bronco was introduced in 1966 as a competitor to the small four-wheel-drive compact SUVs that included the Jeep CJ-5 and International Harvester Scout; it was built on its own platform.[3] A major redesign in 1978 enlarged the Bronco, using a shortened Ford F-Series truck chassis to compete with the similarly adapted Chevy K5 Blazer and the Dodge Ramcharger. Most Broncos are equipped with a swing-away spare tire carrier on the outside of the rear door.

From 1966 to 1996, Broncos were produced at Ford's Michigan Truck Plant in Wayne, Michigan. After years of rumors, Ford announced that the Bronco would return for the 2020 model year, made in its former assembly plant.[1]

1966–1977

The original Bronco was an off-road vehicle (ORV) intended to compete primarily with Jeep CJ models and the International Harvester Scout. The Bronco's small size, riding on a 92-inch (2,337 mm) wheelbase, made it maneuverable for some uses, but impractical as a tow vehicle. The Bronco was Ford's first compact SUV.

The idea behind the Bronco began with Ford product manager Donald N. Frey, who also conceived the Ford Mustang; Lee Iacocca pushed the idea through to production. In many ways, the Bronco was a more original concept than the Mustang; whereas the Mustang was based upon the Ford Falcon, the Bronco had a frame, suspension, and body that were not shared with any other vehicle.

The Bronco was designed under engineer Paul G. Axelrad. The axles and brakes from the Ford F-100 four wheel drive pickup truck were used, but the front axle was located by radius arms (from the frame near the rear of the transmission forward to the axle). A lateral track bar allowed the use of coil springs that gave the Bronco a 34-foot (10.4 m) turning circle, long wheel travel, and an anti-dive geometry, which was useful for snowplowing. The rear suspension was more conventional, with leaf springs in a typical Hotchkiss design. A shift-on the-fly Dana transfer case and locking hubs were standard, and heavy-duty suspension was an option.

The initial engine was the Ford 170 cu in (2.8 L) straight-6, modified with solid valve lifters, a 6-US-quart (6 l) oil pan, heavy-duty fuel pump, oil-bath air cleaner, and a carburetor with a float bowl compensated against tilting.

Styling was subordinated to simplicity and economy, so all glass was flat, bumpers were straight C-sections, the frame was a simple box-section ladder, and the basic left and right door skins were identical except for mounting holes.

The early Broncos were offered in wagon, pickup, and a less popular roadster configuration. The roadster version was dropped, and the sport package, which later became a model line, was added.

The base price was US$2,194, with a long option list that included front bucket seats, a rear bench seat, a tachometer, and a CB radio, as well as functional items such as a tow bar, an auxiliary gas tank, a power take-off, a snowplow, a winch, and a posthole digger. Aftermarket accessories included campers, overdrive units, and the usual array of wheels, tires, chassis, and engine parts for increased performance.

The Bronco sold well in its first year (23,776 units produced[6]) and remained in second place after the CJ-5[7] until the advent of the full-sized Chevrolet Blazer in 1969. Lacking a dedicated small SUV platform, the Blazer was based on Chevrolet's existing full-size pickup, which was a larger and more powerful vehicle, offering greater luxury, comfort, and space. The Blazer's longer option list included an automatic transmission and power steering, and thus had broader appeal. Ford countered by enlarging the optional V8 engine from 289 cu in (4.7 L) and 200 hp (150 kW) to 302 cu in (4.9 L) and 205 hp (153 kW), but this still could not match the Blazer's optional 350 cu in (5.7 L) and 255 hp (190 kW) (horsepower numbers are from before horsepower ratings changed in the early to mid-1970s.)

In 1973, the 170 was replaced by a 200 cu in (3.3 L) straight six, power steering and an automatic transmission were made optional, and sales increased to 26,300. By then, however, Blazer sales were double those of the Bronco, and International Harvester had come out with the Scout II, a vehicle closer to the Blazer in its specifications. By 1974, larger and more comfortable vehicles such as the Jeep Cherokee (SJ) made more sense for the average driver than the more rustically oriented Bronco. The low sales of the Bronco (230,800 over twelve years) did not allow a large budget for upgrades, and it remained basically unchanged until the advent of the larger, more Blazer-like second-generation Bronco in 1978. Production of the original model fell to 14,546 units in its last year, 1977.[6]

  • Ford Bronco Wagon (First generation)

  • Ford Bronco Pickup

  • 1966 Ford Bronco Roadster

Racing

In 1965, race car builder Bill Stroppe assembled a team of Broncos for long-distance off-road competition. Partnering with Holman-Moody, the Stroppe/Holman/Moody (SHM) Broncos competed in the Mint 400, Baja 500, and Mexican 1000 (later named the Baja 1000). In 1969, SHM again entered a team of six Broncos in the Baja 1000. In 1971, a "Baja Bronco" package was marketed through Ford dealers, featuring quick-ratio power steering, automatic transmission, fender flares covering Gates Commando tires, a roll bar, reinforced bumpers, a padded steering wheel, and distinctive red, white, blue, and black paint. Priced at US$5,566, versus the standard V8 Bronco price of $3,665, only 650 were sold over the next four years.[8]

In 1966, a Bronco "funny car" built by Doug Nash for the quarter-mile dragstrip finished with a few low 8-second times, but it was sidelined by sanctioning organizations when pickups and aluminum frames were outlawed.[9]

1978–1979

Originally slated for launch as a 1974 model,[11] the updated Bronco (under development as "Project Shorthorn"[11]) was intended to become a direct competitor for the Chevrolet K5 Blazer/GMC Jimmy. Designed by Dick Nesbitt, the full-size Bronco was designed under several Ford design requirements, including complete interchangeability of doors with the F-100 and a removable hardtop free of leaks (a problem the Blazer had at the time).[11]

Although Project Shorthorn was approved past the prototype stage, the 1973 oil crisis essentially put production of the vehicle on hold, as Ford balanced the potential fuel economy of a full-size Bronco against the compact version then in production.[11]

Chassis

The 1978–1979 Bronco is based on the Ford F-100 pickup truck (1973–1979 sixth generation). Alongside the shortened wheelbase (104 inches (2,642 mm)), the major difference between the Bronco and F-100 is the standard four-wheel-drive powertrain. This generation of the Bronco is fitted with part-time four-wheel drive and a New Process 205 gear-driven transfer case with the option of permanent four-wheel drive and a New Process 203 chain-driven transfer case.

The 1978–1979 Bronco is fitted with a coil-sprung Dana 44 front axle and has a leaf-sprung Ford 9-inch axle in the rear.

The 1978–1979 Bronco is fitted with two different V8 engines: the 5.8L 351M and the 6.6L 400. For 1979, Ford added emissions controls to its light-truck engines; the Bronco gained a catalytic converter (among other equipment) in both engine configurations.[11][12]

Body

As with its chassis, the 1978–1979 Bronco derives much of its body from the F-Series truck line, sharing the doors, front roofline and sheetmetal, and interior with the F-Series.[13] Retaining the wagon body of its predecessor and adopting the configuration of the Blazer/Jimmy, the Bronco was fitted with a removable hardtop and folding rear seat. Similar to the Ford LTD Country Squire, the glass of the rear window rolled down into the tailgate (via a dash-mounted switch or from using the key on the outside), allowing the tailgate to fold down.

Along with an external spare tire option, this design was used in the Bronco through the 1996 model year.

In 1979, Ford added captain's chair front seats as an option.[11]

Trim

Ford used similar nomenclature for the Bronco as with the Ford F-Series: Bronco Custom (base model), and Bronco Ranger XLT (top-level trim). For 1978, only Customs had round head lights. Ranger, Ranger XLTs and Lariats were distinguished by their square headlights, which became standard on all models for 1979.[12]

In 1978 and 1979, alongside the Econoline, F-Series, and Courier, the Bronco was sold with a "Free-Wheelin'" cosmetic option package for both Custom and Ranger XLT trims. Featuring tricolor striping and blacked-out exterior trim, the package featured revised exterior striping for 1979.[11]

1980–1986

Beginning development in 1977[11] (before its predecessor was released for sale) the 1980–1986 Bronco was designed to address many concerns that held the 1978–1979 Bronco out of production. Nominally shorter and lighter, the 1980 Bronco was designed to adopt a more efficient powertrain while retaining its full-size dimensions.

In 1983, the Ford Bronco II made its debut; unrelated to the full-size Bronco, the Bronco II was a compact SUV based on a shortened Ranger pickup truck and sized similarly to the 1966–1977 Bronco.

Chassis

Again based on the Ford F-Series, the 1980–1986 Bronco is based upon the Ford F-150 (1980–1986 seventh generation). Although based on an all-new chassis, the Bronco retained its 104 in (2,642 mm) wheelbase. Both transfer cases were replaced with a New Process 208 version.[12]

In front, the 1980–1986 Bronco is fitted with a Dana 44 front axle with Ford TTB (Twin Traction Beam) independent front suspension.[12] As with the 1978–1979 Bronco, the rear axle is a leaf-sprung Ford 9-inch axle.[12]

For the first time since 1977, the Bronco came with an inline-six engine as standard; the 4.9L 300 I6 was available solely with a manual transmission. The 400 V8 was discontinued, with the 351M taking its place and the 302 V8 making its return as the base-equipment V8.[12] The 351 Windsor made its debut in the Bronco as it replaced the 351M in 1982; gaining a 210 hp "high-output" version in 1984.[12][14] In 1985, the 5.0L V8 (302) saw its carburetor replaced by a multiport electronic fuel-injection system, rising to 190 hp (the standard 156 hp 5.8L V8 was discontinued for 1986).[12]

Body

As with its 1978–1979 predecessor, the 1980–1986 Bronco shares much of its external sheetmetal with the F-Series pickup line, with the same parts from the doors forward. Based on a design proposal originally used in the development of the previous-generation Bronco, the B-pillar of the roofline was modified slightly to produce an improved seal for the hardtop.[11] Prior to 1984, the hardtop included sliding window glass as an option.

In 1983, the Bronco saw a slight facelift as it adopted Ford's blue oval emblem, taking the place of "F-O-R-D" lettering on the hood,[15] and the bronco horse was removed from the fender emblems.

Trim

The 1980–1986 Bronco adopted the same trim levels as the Ford F-Series pickups. Following the introduction of the Ford Ranger compact pickup, the Bronco adopted Bronco (base, replacing Custom), Bronco XL, and Bronco XLT.

In 1985, Ford added an Eddie Bauer trim package for the Bronco.[15] Featuring a color-keyed two-tone exterior, the trim package featured an outdoors-themed interior.

1987–1991

For the 1987 model year, coinciding with the introduction of the eighth-generation Ford F-Series, the Bronco was given a similar update. While the shortened F-150 platform introduced in 1980 saw changes, the 1987–1991 Bronco was given a number of updates to both the exterior and interior. As it shared its front sheetmetal with the F-150, in the interest of slightly better aerodynamics, the Bronco gained its reshaped front bumper, flatter front grille, reshaped hood, and composite headlamps. A change separate from aerodynamic improvements was the adoption of rounded wheel openings in the fenders.

The interior was given redesigned front seats, door panels, dashboard and controls (including a new steering wheel), and instrument panels.

In the interest of safety, rear-wheel anti-lock brakes (ABS) became standard in 1987.[15]

For the first time, the Bronco was available with push-button control for its four-wheel drive as an option starting in 1987.[15] The Bronco carried over the 4.9L inline-six, 5.0L V8, and 5.8L "HO" V8 from 1986. In 1987, the inline-six was given fuel injection, with the 5.8L HO gaining the configuration in 1988.[15] For 1987, two Mazda-produced 5-speed manual transmissions replaced the previous 4-speed (depending on engine); the C6 3-speed automatic was phased out in favor of the AOD 4-speed automatic and the heavier-duty E4OD 4-speed automatic (the latter becoming the sole automatic in 1991).[15]

Special editions

To commemorate 25 years of production, Ford offered a Silver Anniversary Edition Bronco for the 1991 model year. A cosmetic option package, the Silver Anniversary Edition featured Currant Red exterior paint (package exclusive) and a gray leather interior (the first time leather seating was available for a Bronco).[15]

For 1990 through 1992, the Nite option package featured a completely blacked-out exterior with contrasting graphics.

Alongside the top-line Eddie Bauer trim, both special editions were available only with a V8 engine and automatic transmission.

1992–1996

Two-Tone Bronco

Following the introduction of the ninth-generation Ford F-150, the Bronco saw a major design update for the 1992 model year. Again based on the same basic F-Series chassis introduced in 1980, the Bronco again saw updates to the exterior and interior.

In the interest of making the vehicle more aerodynamic, designers again used wraparound composite headlight units and a larger grille. Although protruding from the body, the larger front bumper was given a rounded design. The interior again saw updates to the dashboard and instrument panel, with the addition of leather front seats as an option (for XLT and Eddie Bauer trims).

Safety changes

The redesign of the Bronco for 1992 would include the addition of a number of safety features, including front crumple zones, three-point seatbelts for the rear seat, and a center-mounted rear brake light. In 1994, as with the F-150, the Bronco received a standard driver-side airbag and reinforced internal door beams.[15]

One change resulting from the addition of the safety equipment was that the lift-off hardtop on the Bronco was no longer removable from a legal standpoint (as it contained rear-seat seatbelts and the center brake light); to discourage the practice (which was still physically possible), Ford removed all literature in the Bronco owner's manual explaining how to remove the hardtop. To further discourage its removal, the bolts securing the hardtop in place were changed to Torx "tamper proof" bolts, requiring special tools, in place of standard hex-head bolts.

Special editions

The monochrome Nite edition was again available, though 1992 was its last offering.

Monochrome trucks made their return from 1994 to 1996 as Ford sold an XLT Sport variant of the Bronco in either black, red, or white. Another variant of the XLT was a two-tone light teal green and white (charcoal gray interior); approximately 600 were produced each year.

As with its Aerostar, Explorer, and F-150 counterparts, Ford continued sales of the Eddie Bauer outdoors-themed variant of the Bronco from 1992–1996. After 1994, the trim featured an overhead console, lighted sun visors, and a dimming rear-view mirror. For 1995, a vented front bumper was added (it was added to the XLT for 1996).

Cosmetic exterior and interior changes included a sweeping front end and a new dashboard. Maroon and blue leather seats were first offered in 1991 (1992 model year) through the end of production. Power mirrors were again offered from 1991, and from 1995, the Bronco became the first vehicle to incorporate turn signal lights in its side mirrors. All 1994–1996 Eddie Bauers have an overhead console. Some 1994–1996 XLTs and Eddie Bauers have lighted sun visors and a dimming rear-view mirror.

From 1995–1996, Eddie Bauer models have a vented front bumper. In 1996, XLTs received the vented front bumper as well.

Engine changes

The 302 engine received a Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor system in 1993 (MY 1994). The 351 followed with MAF in 1994 (MY 1995) in California. 351s in the rest of the country received MAF in 1995 (MY 1996) along with OBD2 on both the 302 and 351.

Discontinuation

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In mid- to late 1996, Ford announced the discontinuation of the Bronco. The last model built rolled off the assembly line in Venezuela on June 12th. To pay tribute to the fallen legend, the final model was escorted by longtime Bronco enthusiast Jeff Trapp’s 1970 halfcab during a drive-off ceremony. The model line was ended to make room for the automaker’s newest addition to the lineup at the time, its replacement, the Ford Expedition.[16] The Expedition, offered four doors and was introduced to compete with General Motors' Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, and larger Chevrolet Suburban and GMC Yukon XL models.

Ford will make a new bronco in 2020

Appearances in media

On June 17, 1994, a white 1993 Bronco owned and driven by Al Cowlings containing O. J. Simpson as a passenger attempted to elude the Los Angeles Police Department in a televised low-speed chase.[17] With an estimated audience of 95 million people, the event was described as "the most famous ride on American shores since Paul Revere's".[18]

Australian assembly

The Bronco was assembled in Australia by Ford Australia, utilizing locally produced 4.1-litre six-cylinder and 5.8-litre V8 engines.[2] It was marketed in Australia from March 1981 through to 1987.[19]

Centurion Classic

A 1989 Centurion Classic; a Ford F-350 crew cab mated with rear bodywork of a Bronco

Although Ford would not produce a factory-built competitor for the Chevrolet Suburban until the introduction of the Expedition and Excursion, a four-door version of the fourth- and fifth-generation Bronco was produced as the Centurion Classic, constructed by Centurion Vehicles, a converter specializing in Ford trucks based in White Pigeon, Michigan.[20]

In the construction of each Classic, Centurion would actually use two different Ford trucks: an F-Series crew-cab pickup and a Bronco. The wheelbase was shortened from 168 inches to 140 inches (9 inches longer than the Suburban),[20] and the Bronco rear quarter panels, hardtop, and tailgate were mated to the pickup bodywork.[21] Early models used fiberglass rear body panels, but later, these were made from steel.[22] As the rear seat of the Bronco was retained, the Centurion Classic featured three-row seating for up to nine people.[20]

Two models of the Centurion Classic were produced: the C150 Classic (based on the Ford F-150 chassis; four-wheel drive was optional) and the C350 Classic (based on the Ford F-350 chassis; four-wheel drive was standard).[20][21] In contrast to the 3/4-ton Suburban 2500, the C350 Classic was based on a one-ton chassis. The C150 was powered by the 5.0L and 5.8L V8 engines, with the C350 powered by the 7.3L diesel V8 and 7.5L gasoline V8 (the only Bronco variants to use these engines).[20]

The Centurion Classic was offered until the end of Bronco production in 1996; though the Bronco was directly replaced by the Expedition, the C150/C350 is closest in size to the Ford Excursion introduced for the 2000 model year.[20][21]

2004 concept

Bronco concept at the 2004 New York Auto Show

At the 2004 North American International Auto Show, a Bronco concept vehicle was introduced. Some features of the concept vehicle, such as the box-like roof line, short wheelbase, and round headlamps are features associated with the early Bronco, but this concept vehicle also had a 2.0 L intercooled turbodiesel I4 engine and a six-speed manual transmission. The concept also featured an Intelligent 4WD system to replace Control Trac II, which would improve stability and provide better fuel economy. The vehicle was to use the Ford CD2 platform, but the project was dropped when the newer Ford Escape was revealed, making it unlikely that this Bronco concept would see production.[23][24]

2016 developments

In spring 2016, a few vehicle industry publications ran stories, some with pictures, stating that Ford is resurrecting this popular model of SUV.

Car and Driver reported:

As officials from Ford and the UAW continue to hammer out the details of their latest labor contract, a few details regarding future Ford products have begun to bubble to the surface. As we've previously reported, Ford will move production of the Focus and C-Max from its Michigan Assembly Plant in 2018, leaving a hole that, according to both the Detroit Free Press and Automotive News, will be filled with production of a couple of familiar nameplates: Bronco and Ranger.

Although Ford pulled the plug on the domestic Ranger back in 2011 after nearly 30 years of production, a modernized Ranger continues to sell overseas in markets where small pickups are preferred. Ford has long maintained that the current Global Ranger is too close in dimensions to its full-size F-series trucks to make a business case for its return, but two recent developments could cause Ford to revisit the decision. First, the new GMC Canyon and Chevrolet Colorado mid-size trucks have been a runaway success, with GM officials telling C/D that demand has surpassed their estimates. Second, the new, aluminum-bodied F-150 is a very modern vehicle, and while its success is undeniable, there are likely plenty of buyers–think fleets and service industries–whose needs could be easily met with a slightly smaller and (presumably) less expensive vehicle like the Ranger.[25]

It was speculated that

The Bronco will share a new body-on-frame (BOF), rear-wheel/four-wheel drive architecture with the upcoming Ranger. Both Ranger and Bronco will feature an independent front suspension and solid rear axle. The new platform will benefit from the weight-saving expertise Ford gained over the past seven years developing the F-150, and subsequently the Super Duty. It will be relatively light weight and due to the payload and towing requirements of its platform mate, the Bronco will be mildly over-built versus what it would have independently required. Ford more than likely will resurrect the Bronco to go head-to-head with Wrangler and likely will follow the same BOF, removable top, off-road oriented formula as the Wrangler. And much like the original Bronco, this one will sidestep Wrangler by offering a mildly more livable, refined product, at the expense of off-road capability at the limits. The relative desirability of each product will be a question of individual taste and priorities.[26]

According to several media outlets, on September 30, 2016, while speaking to the Detroit News about President Donald Trump's continued criticism of the automaker's plan, Bill Johnson, the UAW plant chairman for the factory that is at the center of the switch, revealed to the newspaper that "Trump needs to get his facts straight," and said, "We hate to see the products go to Mexico, but with the Ranger and the Bronco coming to Michigan Assembly that absolutely secures the future for our people a lot more than the Focus does."[27]

Official revival

At the 2017 North American International Auto Show on January 9, 2017, Ford announced that the Bronco would indeed be returning for the 2020 model year.[1] The revived Bronco will be a midsize SUV positioned below the Expedition (effectively taking the spot vacated by the Ford Explorer when that vehicle became a crossover in 2011) and will be built in the original Bronco plant at Michigan Assembly, with the Ford Focus and Ford C-Max that are currently built there moving their production to Mexico. The revived Bronco will be based and built alongside the revived Ranger.[1] Ford chief technical officer Raj Nair stated that the forthcoming Bronco will be its own unique vehicle and not an Americanized rebadging of the existing Ford Everest SUV sold in the Asia-Pacific region.[28]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ford NAIAS 2017: Official Press Conference Livestream[dead link]
  2. ^ a b Ford Bronco, www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au Retrieved 8 June 2015
  3. ^ Clarke, R. M. (1998). Ford Bronco, 1966–1977. Brooklands Books. ISBN 978-1-85520-474-4. 
  4. ^ a b c Sales brochure for 1967 Ford Bronco
  5. ^ a b c d Götz Leyrer (1 September 1976). "Kurztest: Ford Bronco - Ameriokanischer Gelaendewagen mit Allradantrieb". Auto, Motor und Sport (18): 62–66. 
  6. ^ a b Zuercher, Todd. "History of the Early Ford Bronco (1966–1977)". bronco.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Jeep Production Dates, Models, & Numbers 1945–1986". jeepfan.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Norton, Andrew (1999). "Baja Bronco Briefing". bajabronco.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  9. ^ Duke, Bill; White, Danny (22 December 2005). "60s Funny Cars: Round 6". Drag Racing Stories. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.automobile-catalog.com/tire/1978/883820/ford_bronco_6_6l_v-8_cruise-o-matic.html
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Paul (3 March 2001). "History of the Second-Generation 78–79 Ford Bronco". Project Bronco. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of the Big Bronco (Fullsize 1978–1996) | bronco.com". 2009-02-03. Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  13. ^ Dunne, Jim (September 1976). "Detroit Report". Popular Science: 32. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Bradley, Chris (2007). "Ford Truck Engine Specifications". Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of the Big Bronco". JohnV. 8 June 2006. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  16. ^ http://www.mattford.com/blog/flashback-friday-ford-bronco/
  17. ^ Mydans, Seth (18 June 1994). "The Fugitive: Simpson Is Charged, Chased, Arrested". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  18. ^ Gilbert, Geis; Bienen, Leigh B. (1988). Crimes of the century: from Leopold and Loeb to O.J. Simpson. Northeastern University Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-55553-360-1. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  19. ^ The Red Book, Automated Data Services Pty Limited, Australia, October 1989, pages 295-296
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Curbside Classic: Ford Classic 350 – Centurion Vehicles Creates A Frankenstein Suburban Fighter". Curbside Classic. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  21. ^ a b c "This is the 4-Door Ford Bronco You Didn't Know Existed". Boldride.com. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  22. ^ Johnston, Jeff. "Centurion Classic 350/Ford 7.3 Diesel". Trailer Boats: 82. 
  23. ^ Raynal, Wes (14 May 2012). "New Leader?". Autoweek. 62 (10): 52–53. 
  24. ^ "2015 Ford Bronco". 
  25. ^ Wendler, Andrew (November 10, 2015). "New Ford Bronco and Ranger on the Way? UAW Contract Seems to Say So". Car and Driver. Hearst. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  26. ^ Parks, Seth (January 18, 2016). "Ford Will Resurrect the Bronco as a Genuine Wrangler Competitor". Ford Truck Enthusiats. Internet Brands, Inc. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Trump's Attack On Ford Reveals Return Of The Ranger And Bronco". 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2016-10-01. 
  28. ^ Halas, John. "Ford Boss Raj Nair Says New Bronco Will Be 'Completely Unique' From Everest, But Will Share Chassis". Carscoops. Retrieved 14 January 2017. 

External links

Media related to Ford Bronco at Wikimedia Commons

en.wikipedia.org

Ford Bronco: отзывы, фото, технические характеристики

Ford Bronco дебютировал в 1965-м году, в августе. Модель предлагалась сразу в нескольких версиях. У конструкторов и инженеров получился практичный во всех смыслах внедорожник, он отличался простой конструкцией, в этом авто не было каких-либо опций, которые так ценит современный автолюбитель. Однако, несмотря на это, модель легко смогла адаптироваться к самым различным манерам езды и способам эксплуатации. Доступны были три вида кузовов: универсал, полукэб и родстер, который из-за низкого спроса вскоре выпускать перестали.

Первые версии Ford Bronco были оснащены 6-тицилиндровыми бензиновыми агрегатами мощностью в 107 лошадей, а также механической КПП на три ступени. Любимую многими сегодня АКПП тогда не предоставляли даже в качестве опции. В 1966-м году этот автомобиль купили более 18 000 человек.

В следующие годы инженеры работали над модернизацией внедорожника. В 70-м году Sport Pakage стал постепенно превращаться в SUV. В 71-м году удалось выпустить более 18 000 экземпляров.

В это же время американский автомобильный рынок не бездействовал, и у Ford Bronco начали появляться конкуренты. Для того чтобы не терять лицо, инженеры снова были вынуждены заняться модернизацией.

73-й год подарил этому внедорожнику АКПП и усилитель руля. Специалисты добрались и до двигателя – после некоторой модификации удалось увеличить объем базового агрегата до 3,3 л. Это не прошло даром – уровень продаж очень вырос.

Роковая роль

Но в середине 1970-х в Америке, как назло, случился энергетический кризис, который стал роковым в истории этой модели. В 77-м году приняли решение производство свернуть. Модели, выпущенные с 66 по 77 год, стали классическими и очень высоко ценятся у любителей.

Почти грузовик

В 78-м году выпустили большой Ford Bronco. Фото его вы можете увидеть ниже. Кузов его очень напоминал пикап F-150. Большая модель выпускалась вплоть до 96-го года. Так, трехдверный полноразмерный универсал, рассчитанный на 6 пассажиров, укомплектованный съемной крышей из пластика, который производился в 80-м году, представлял собой не что иное, как настоящий полноприводный пикап.

Конструкция его была предельно простой, но в то же время отличалась высокой прочностью. В его облике можно было угадать черты грузовика. Отличался он высокой проходимостью, что стало основой его популярности.

Приобретали пикап и из-за различных элементов комфорта. Так, комплектация уже была побогаче. Теперь уже в комплекте был гидроусилитель, регулируемая рулевая колонка, простой круиз-контроль. К тому же добавились более мощные двигатели и новые автоматические КПП. Новый Ford Bronco, характеристики которого значительно улучшились, стал продаваться еще лучше. Расход топлива его с новыми агрегатами составлял 20 л/100 км.

Двигатели и трансмиссия

В линейке силовых агрегатов предлагался являющийся базовым 6-тицилиндровый бензиновый двигатель с рабочим объемом 4,9 л, кроме этого, предлагался V8 бензиновый мотор с таким же объемом и мощностью в 150 лошадей. Он оснащался распределенной системой впрыска. Затем предлагался карбюраторный агрегат на 210 л. с. Объем его составлял 5,8 л, пикап с этим двигателем потреблял 25 л/100 км. Но те, кто покупают Ford Bronco, отзывы пишут не о большом расходе, а о высоких способностях по проходимости везде и всюду.

В качестве КПП в зависимости от комплектации применяли 4-х либо 5-тиступенчатые механические коробки.

Bronco 2.0

В январе 1983-го года автолюбителям показали компактный спортивно-утилитарный экземпляр второй версии.

Передняя часть выделяется сильной и мощной защитной решеткой. Также над передней частью среза капота установлен аэродинамический козырек. Светотехника поражает своим качеством. Однако, глядя на автомобиль, сразу трудно понять, что же дизайнеры и инженеры хотели сказать.

Интерьер

Свободного пространства в салоне было, конечно, немного меньше, чем у старшего брата. Однако дизайнеры отлично поработали над интерьером – теперь он стал более цельным. Отлично подобрали цвета – в интерьере обилие бежевых и серых оттенков. Кресла обтянуты кожей. Спереди кресла регулируются продольно и по наклону. Диапазон регулировок достаточно большой, поэтому даже высоким людям будет комфортно. Специальный электропривод поможет установить подпор в районе пояса. Сидеть в этих креслах очень комфортно. А вот ехать – нет. Приходится платить за эффектность внешних форм обивки. Поддержка с боков не помогает, ее нет. Водитель при движении просто скатывается вниз. Но для пассажира спереди и водителя установили подлокотники, а между ними можно найти удобный контейнер для всякой всячины.

Начинка

Второй Ford Bronco отличается рамным шасси, независимой пружинной подвеской впереди и рессорной сзади. Передний мост теперь можно отключать. Среди доступных двигателей производитель предложил карбюраторный 2,8-литровый агрегат или же V6, оснащенный системой распределенного впрыска с объемом в 2,9 л и 140 лошадиными силами мощности. Что касается показателей по расходу, то эти моторы были не слишком лучше более объемистых моделей. Так, средний расход составлял 19 л/100 км.

В дополнение к большому ассортименту бензиновых двигателей был доступен также турбодизель. Особой мощностью он не отличался, но расход топлива его был всего 15 л. Кстати, мощность дизеля – 86 лошадиных сил.

Говоря о трансмиссиях, в паре с силовыми агрегатами работала либо 5-тиступенчатая механика либо АКПП на 4 диапазона. Еще можно встретить в продаже экземпляры с задним приводом.

Ford Bronco: отзывы владельцев

Владельцы говорят, что модель в девяностых годах считалась бессменным лидером среди тех, кто покупал у нас в стране автомобили с пробегом. Будущих владельцев привлекали комфорт, круиз-контроль, двигатели и автоматические коробки.

Но вот расход – это то, что многим не нравится. Какой бы ни был режим движения, уровень аппетитов никогда не опускается ниже 20 литров на сто километров пути. А вот подвеска спереди – практически бессмертная, что весьма неплохо для наших дорог.

Конец

В 90-м году выпуск автомобиля прекратился из-за производства универсалов Explorer. А в 92-м был рейстайлинг. Так, расширили список доступных комплектаций Ford Bronco, технические характеристики в значительной степени улучшили, добавили новые агрегаты. Теперь вместо 120-сильного мотора предлагали инжекторный двигатель на 205 лошадиных сил. В 93-м году модель стали комплектовать 5,8-литровым 208-сильным агрегатом. А в 94-м году в базовой комплектации автомобиля появились подушки безопасности.

Возрождение

Недавно представители компании "Форд" заявили о возможности выпуска обновленного внедорожника "Бронко". Внешность его должна быть такой же, как и у первых версий. В концепте, несмотря на облик, много современных и технологичных решений – это оценят по достоинству современные автолюбители.

Итак, мы выяснили, какие имеет американский внедорожник "Форд Бронко" технические характеристики, дизайн и отзывы.

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Ford Bronco

Ford Bronco (русск. Форд Бранко) — американский автомобиль, выпущенный компанией Ford в августе 1965 года. Состоял из простой комплектации, обладал высокой приспособляемостью к разным родам деятельности.

Содержание

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История развития Править

В начале Ford Bronco предлагался в трёх версиях: универсал, полукэб и родстер. Впоследствии в 1968 году Bronco родстер был снят с производства из-за крайне низкой популярности. АКПП в автомобиле не предусматривалось в принципе, и оснащалась машина 3-ступенчатой МКПП, а также 6-литровым 100-сильным двигателем. К 1971 году было выпущено более 40 000 автомобилей. В 70-х годах на автомобильном рынке у Bronco появляются сильные соперники, поэтому для конкурентоспособности машину подвергают модернизации: внедряются автоматическая трансмиссия и рулевой усилитель, а объем базового двигателя вырос до 3,3 л. Эти усилия были оправданы и продажи увеличились до 26300 экземпляров в год. Однако энергетический кризис середины 70-х подвёл серьезную черту в истории Bronco — из-за большого расхода топлива. В 1977 году производство Bronco I было прекращено, теперь автомобили 1966—1977 годов выпуска — это классика.

В 1978-м появился большой Bronco, очень похожий на пикап F-150, который выпускался до 1996 года. Полноразмерный (4510х1960х1860 мм) трехдверный шестиместный универсал Bronco 1980 года со съемной пластиковой крышей по сути представлял собой полноприводный пикап с укороченной базой. В его простой и прочной конструкции угадывался грузовой автомобиль. Внушительная проходимость, ГУР, регулируемая по углу наклона рулевая колонка, система поддержания заданной скорости, мощные двигатели V8, 3-х и 4-х диапазонные АКПП позволяли модели долго оставаться популярной. В то же время расход топлива составлял около 20 литров на 100 км.

Салон Править

Салон Bronco как и в большинстве американских автомобилей — внушителен, тем не менее в нём установлены анатомические мягкие сиденья с регулировкой по углу наклона и высоте, а интерьер отделан высококачественными материалами. Заметна большая панель приборов, огромный «бардачок», и в тон всему торпедо. Обогрев за счёт двигателя был весьма добротно реализован даже в удешевлённых версиях.

В 1982-м изменили облицовку радиатора — она стала целиком хромированной.

Двигатели Править

Линейка силовых агрегатов включала:

  • базовый карбюраторный 6-цилиндровый 4,9-литровый двигатель;
  • V8 — инжекторный 150-сильный 4,9-литровый;
  • карбюраторный 210-сильный 5,8-литровый (с последним расход топлива достигал 25 л/100 км).

Автомобиль предлагался в комплектациях: S, XL или XLT. В зависимости от комплектации оснащался 4 — или 5- ступенчатыми механическими КП.

Интересные факты Править

В переводе с английского «Bronco» означает дикая, необъезженная лошадь.

См. также Править

Ссылки Править

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Новый внедорожник Ford Bronco должен появиться в 2018 году

Подтвердились слухи о том, что компания Ford собирается возродить былую модель Bronco, которая выпускалась с 1966 по 1996 год. Об этом изданию Detroit Free Press сообщил руководитель профсоюза UAW Local 900 Билл Джонсон, представляющий коллектив завода Ford в Уэйне, штат Мичиган. Причем план рассекретили, можно сказать, случайно: Джонсон комментировал заявление кандидата в президенты США Дональда Трампа, который обвинял Ford в том, что компания перемещает сборку популярных моделей в Мексику. Джонсон в ответ сообщил, что сокращений на заводе не планируется в связи с освоением новых моделей: внедорожника Bronco и среднеразмерного пикапа Ranger.

Ford Bronco первого поколения (1966—1977)

Ford Bronco второго поколения (1978—1979)

Ford Bronco третьего поколения (1980—1986)

Ford Bronco четвертого поколения (1987—1991)

Ford Bronco пятого поколения (1992—1996)

Ранее руководство Форда уже заявляло, что в 2018 году на конвейер завода в Мичигане встанет «новый продукт», а в 2020 году — еще одна модель. На основании этого можно предположить, что новый Bronco разделит агрегаты с пикапом Ranger следующего поколения, который придет в США позже, — когда нынешняя модель образца 2011 года уступит место новому поколению. Прежде Bronco базировался на шасси полноразмерных пикапов Ford F-150, но теперь такое родство представляется маловероятным, ведь подобная машина у компании уже есть: громадный внедорожник Ford Expedition.

Рендер будущего Bronco с сайта Bronco6G.com

Окажется ли будущий Bronco трехдверкой в духе ретрофутуризма, как концепт-кар 2004 года (на заглавном фото), или чем-то более заурядным, нам пока неизвестно. Но владельцы сайта Bronco6G.com уже поспешили создать компьютерные рендеры в таком духе. Прежде Bronco был исключительно трехдверным, однако будущий автомобиль шестого поколения по задумке станет конкурировать с внедорожником Jeep Wrangler, у которого две трети продаж приходится на длиннобазную пятидверную модель. Так что не исключено, что и новый Bronco будет иметь пятидверный кузов.

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Ford Bronco II

For the Ford Bronco of 1966 to 1996, see Ford Bronco.

The Ford Bronco II is a two-door compact-sized sport utility vehicle (SUV) that was manufactured by Ford from 1983 to 1990. The original Bronco was based on its own chassis, the Bronco II used a shortened Ford Ranger platform, allowing for mechanical and structural commonality. Following the shift of the Bronco to the full-sized F-Series truck platform in 1978, the Bronco II was marketed as a compact SUV.

The Bronco II was assembled in the Louisville Assembly Plant in Louisville, Kentucky, alongside the Ford Ranger. In 1990, the Bronco II was replaced by the Ford Explorer; while still based on the Ranger, the Explorer was enlarged into the mid-size SUV segment. Following the discontinuation of the Bronco II, the next compact SUV produced by Ford in North America was the 2001 Ford Escape.

History

Ford Bronco II, Eddie Bauer trim 1989-1990 Ford Bronco II XLT

The first Bronco II was developed in parallel with the Ranger pickup truck that was introduced for the 1982 model year. Introduced in March 1983, Ford marketed the Bronco II as a "vehicle for men, single people, or young couples ... almost like John Wayne vehicles ... that gave people the sense that they could conquer anything ..."[1] While the Bronco II was nearly a foot shorter than the competing Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (introduced for 1982), the use of the Ranger chassis allowed for lower production costs by using a common assembly line with many shared components.[1]

All Bronco IIs were four-wheel drive until 1986 when the rear-wheel-drive layout became standard.[2]

For the 1989 model year, the Bronco II was restyled alongside the Ranger. The exterior featured new front bodywork with new a new hood, front fenders, and a closer-fitting front bumper. Inside, the dashboard was redesigned, featuring a new instrument panel. Alongside the overall change in appearance, the new bodywork marked improvements in structural support. The 1989 Bronco II was short-lived as it was built for little less than a year when production ended in early 1990. It was later succeeded by the larger Ford Explorer for 1991.

As a running change, four-wheel drive 1990 models produced after November 1989 were produced with Dana 35 front axles, replacing the previous Dana 28 front axle.

Engines

The 1984 and 1985 models were equipped with the German-built carbureted 2.8 L Cologne V-6 with 115 hp (86 kW) at 4600 rpm, which was also used in the 1984 and 1985 Ford Ranger. It was originally available exclusively with four-wheel drive.[3] The 1986 model year introduced the 140 hp (104 kW) fuel injected 2.9 L Cologne V6 engine.

A Mitsubishi 4-cylinder 2.3 L turbodiesel was optional during the 1986 model year; however it delivered poor performance and had low sales.[2]

Discontinuation

Before the 1991 model year, the Bronco II was discontinued in February 1990, with its role in the Ford light-truck line largely taken over by the Ford Explorer. While the Explorer was also based upon the Ranger (to the point of also sharing parts of its interior with the Bronco II and Ranger), the Explorer was a mid-size SUV. Sized slightly larger than the S-10 Blazer, the five-door Explorer was nearly 23 inches (584 mm) longer than a 1990 Bronco II. As a more direct successor, a shorter-wheelbase three-door Explorer Sport was introduced (though still a foot longer than a Bronco II). Shared with the Ranger and Ford Aerostar, the Explorer was powered solely by a 155 hp 4.0 L Cologne V6 engine.

The Explorer would be developed in parallel with the Ranger through its first generation until its major update in the 1995 to 2001 model years where it lost all its exterior styling shared with the Ranger.

Safety controversy

Stability problems with Bronco II were noted during the design phase in 1981, as well as in the verification tests.[1] For example, the J-turn test was canceled during the testing procedures by Ford officials "out of fear of killing or injuring one of its own drivers."[4] Engineering modifications were suggested, but Ford officials declined the modifications because they would have delayed the marketing of the new vehicles.[4] Eight months before production began, Ford's Office of General Counsel collected 113 documents concerning the new vehicle's handling problems.[1] However, 53 of these test, simulation, and related reports about stability of the Bronco II "disappeared" in an "unusual document handling procedure" that forebode the lawsuits against Ford starting in the late-1980s.[1]

The Bronco II was dogged by reports that it was prone to rollovers.[5] Some of the headlines in 1989-90 included "NHTSA Investigates Bronco II Rollovers," Automotive News (March 20, 1989) "Magazine Gives Ford's Bronco II 'Avoid' Rating," The Wall Street Journal (May 8, 1989), and "Consumer Reports Criticizes Ford Bronco II's Handling," The Washington Post (May 18, 1989).

After analysis of SUV crashes of the Suzuki Samurai, the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) opened a formal study of the Ford Bronco II in 1989.[6] There were 43 Bronco II rollover fatalities in 1987, compared with eight for the Samurai, but accident data in four states showed the Bronco II's rollover rate was similar to that of other SUVs, so the investigation was closed. NHTSA declined to reopen the investigation in 1997 after more Bronco II crashes.[7]

It was estimated that 260 people had died in Bronco II rollover crashes, a rate that is several times more than in any similar vehicle according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.[8] By 1995, Ford had paid $113 million to settle 334 injury and wrongful death lawsuits.[9] A class-action settlement with owners of its controversial Bronco II provided "new safety warnings and up to $200 for repairs and modifications."[9] Ford ended production of the Bronco II in 1990, but "always contended that rollovers are overwhelmingly caused by bad driving or unsafe modifications to the vehicle."[8]

Individual lawsuit examples include famed jockey Bill Shoemaker, that awarded him one million dollars. Shoemaker was paralyzed from the neck down after rolling his Bronco II in California in 1991 while intoxicated.[10] Thereafter, he was confined to a wheelchair. The largest award involving the Bronco II up to 1995 was a $62.4 million verdict for two passengers, one of whom who received brain injuries and left her in need of a legal guardian, after the 1986 model in which they were riding rolled over.[11]

The safety record was "frightening" with "one in 500 Bronco II's ever produced was involved in a fatal rollover."[12] Automobile insurer GEICO stopped writing insurance policies for the Bronco II.[11] By 2001, Time magazine reported that the "notorious bucking Bronco II" rollover lawsuits had "cost the company approximately $2.4 billion in damage settlements."[13]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Baura, Gail (2006). Engineering Ethics: An Industrial perspective. Elsevier. p. 135. ISBN 9780080458021. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Ernst, Kurt (May 13, 2013). "Lost Cars of the 1980s – Ford Bronco II". Hemmings. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  3. ^ Bryant, Thos L. (1983-06-02). "La nouvelle vague des tout terrain made in USA" [The new wave of off-roaders "made in USA"]. Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French). Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. 33 (770): 2. 
  4. ^ a b Bogus, Carl T. (2003). Why lawsuits are good for America: disciplined democracy, big business, and the common law. New York University Press. p. 160. ISBN 9780814799161. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Safety Research Report Index - Ford Bronco II Rollover" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  6. ^ Williams, Linda (March 16, 1989). "Agency to Launch Study of Ford Bronco II After High Rate of Roll-Over Accidents". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Plungis, Jeff (March 4, 2002). "Rollover complaints dismissed". Detroit News. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  8. ^ a b Geyelin, Milo (January 30, 1997). "Ford Reaches a New Settlement In Bronco II Rollover Litigation". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Ford Settles Again With Owners of Its Bronco II". The Los Angeles Times. Reuters. January 31, 1997. Retrieved November 27, 2015. 
  10. ^ Nack, William (April 19, 1993). "From Fame To Shame Bill Shoemaker, a casualty of his own drunk driving, has lost respect by launching lawsuits to shift the blame for his tragic folly". Sports Illustrated. 
  11. ^ a b Darin, Ann Therese (November 6, 1995). "Ford loses $62.4 million Bronco II case". Automotive News. Retrieved November 27, 2015. 
  12. ^ Kiley, David (September 7, 2010). "Behind Fords Recent $131 Million Rollover Judgment - Another Reminder of Tragedies From A Decade Ago". autoblog.com. Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  13. ^ Greenwald, John (May 29, 2001). "Inside the Ford/Firestone Fight". Time. Retrieved November 27, 2015. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ford Bronco II.
  • broncoii4x4.com
  • BroncoII.org

en.wikipedia.org

Ford Bronco

Ford Bronco Ford
aka {{{aka (Type here, not up there)}}}
Production 1966 - 1977 Mid Size1978 - 1996 Full Size
Class 1/2 Ton Multi Purpose Vehicle
Body Style 2 Door Suv
Length 1978 (180.3")
Width 1978 (79.3")
Height 1978 (75.5")
Wheelbase 1978 (104")
Weight Avg. 5,000 1978-1996
Transmission 3 Speed,4 Speed,5 Speed Manual3 Speed,4 Speed Automatic
Engine Full Size 300ci I6,302ci V8,351ci Modified V8,351ci Windsor V8,400ci Modified V8Mid Size 170ci I6,200ci I6,289ci V8,302ci V8
Power 75-210 HP
Similar Chevrolet Blazer,GMC Jimmy,Dodge Ram Charger,International Scout
Designer {{{Designer (lead designer if it was a team effort)}}}

Ford introduced the Bronco as its first SUV in 1966. It was one of the earliest American made SUVs and broke ground on creating an entirely new market for cars in the US. The Bronco was produced as a mid-size SUV until 1977 without any major modifications to the body or trim. Certain features as power steering, disc brakes, and larger engines were added through they years, but the design changes were subtle. Broncos continued to be produced from 1978 until 1996 as a full-size two door SUV. Today, there is a fairly large market for 1966-1977 Bronco parts and accessories, and many Broncos are being restored or used for offroading or rock-crawling.

Contents

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Changes to the First Generation from 1966-1977 Edit

1966

• Production of the 1966 model year Bronco began on August 1, 1965 with the series number beginning in U and sequence number starting at 73200 and being in increments of 10. These were produced from August 1965 to August 1966 and a second August 1966 sequence number began with A00000.

• Broncos came in these three different models: Roadster, Wagon, and Pickup.

• The only mirrors were a driver side and a rear view mirror.

• There were 4,100 Roadsters produced.

• There were 7,000 Pickups produced.

• There were 13,000 Wagons produced

• In total, there were 24,100 Broncos produced in its first production year.

1967

• The sport package was introduced offering features such as: sport emblem, vinyl front seats, bright aluminum body trim, and chrome bumpers.

• Seat belts were added for safety.

• There was an optional 289 c.i. V-8 offered in place of the 6 cylinder engine, which came with new 289 emblems on the front fender.

• There was an optional 5 gallon auxiliary fuel tank available.

• There were 700 Roadsters produced.

• There were 2,600 Pickups produced.

• There were 10,900 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 14,200 Broncos produced during the 1967 production year.

1968

• Many changes were made this year, including the discontinuation of the Roadster, in order to get sales back up.

• The dash was changed to steel and was redesigned and painted.

• The doors and mirrors were completely redesigned.

• Electric windshield wipers took the place of the old-school vacuum wiper setup.

• An option for a swing away tire carrier was added.

• There were 2,200 Pickups produced.

• There were 14,400 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 16,600 Broncos produced during the 1968 production year.

1969

• The 302 c.i. replaced the 289 V-8.

• The fenders received the 302 V-8 emblems.

• Dana Spicier replaced the Borg Warner driveshaft.

• Electric wipers became standard.

• The instrument cluster design changed.

• This was the last year for the chrome windshield retaining knobs.

• There were 2,300 Pickups produced.

• There were 18,600 Wagons produced.

• In total, there were 20,900 Broncos produced during the 1969 production year.

1970

• Tail light reflectors changed.

• Bolts are used instead of the chrome windshield knobs.

• This was the last year of the inferior 3 piece wiring harness.

• This was also the last year for the non-vented auxiliary fuel tank. • There were 1,700 Pickups built.

• There were 16,800 Wagons built. • In total, there were 18,500 Broncos produced during the 1970 production year.

1971

• This was the first year that the Stroppe Baja Bronco was offered. This was a special addition Bronco that is worth much more than other Broncos today.

• The Dana 30 front axle was replaced by the stronger Dana 44.

• The fuse box was moved into the glove compartment with the new style wiring harness.

• The wiper solvent bottle was changed and the pump became an internal style.

• This was the last year for the 302 emblem.

• There were 1,500 Pickups built.

• There were 18,300 Wagons built.

• In total, there were 19,800 Broncos produced during the 1971 production year.

1972

• The Pickup model of the Bronco was discontinued.

• There were now interior colors available for the Bronco. • The column shifter handle design was changed to shift more smoothly.

• The air cleaner was redesigned to help increase air flow.

• There was 21,100 Wagons produced.

1973

• This is the first year for the power steering option with a 302.

• This was also the first year for the C-4 Automatic Transmission with the V-8.

• 1973 was the only year that an orange was available as an interior color.

• The explorer package was introduced.

• The transfer-case shifter was switched from a T-shift to to the J-Style shifter.

• There were 21,900 Wagons produced.

1974

• A dome light was put into the electric wiper cover, offering the first interior light in a Bronco.

• This was the only year that a red interior was available.

• During mid-year, an electronic ignition was incorporated into the 302.

• The steering wheel was changed to accept a long thin vinyl horn instead of the pot metal button.

• This was the last year for the Bill Stroppe Baja Bronco.

• This was also the last year for the 200 c.i. 6 cylinder motor.

• There were 25,800 Wagons produced.

1975

• Emissions regulations by the government caused many changes to vehicles from 1975 until present.

• Unleaded fuel was introduced to the Bronco.

• There were catalytic converters installed due to the pollution control laws.

• There were 13,100 Wagons produced.

1976

• Disk brakes were introduced on the front axle, with the option of making them power.

• The rear brakes were upgraded to a larger drum size.

• The Ranger Package was introduced.

• The steering column design was changed.

• The power steering box was given a quicker turning radius, 3.8 turns lock to lock.

• There were 15,300 Wagons produced.

1977

• This was the only year for the gas tank doors instead of filler caps on the exterior of the body.

• The rear tank was completely redesigned. It was now 14.4 Gallons instead of 12.

• The front parking brake cable was redesigned.

• There were 14,600 Wagons produced during the last year that the classic Bronco would be produced.

Competitors to the First Generation 1966-1977 Bronco Edit

Although the Bronco was the first SUV to sneak into the American automobile market, it was not the first SUV produced. There was the Scout produced by International Harvester, Jeepster by Jeep, and Land Rover, which were all produced before the Bronco came into the picture. The reason the Bronco became such a big hit, however, is because none of the other 4x4 vehicles offered any of the same luxuries as a passenger car that most Americans were used to driving. The Bronco bridged the gap between rugged 4x4 machines, and luxury driving cars. It offered people the ability to take their comfort offroad and explore the places they had never gone before. Today, 1966-1977 Broncos will be spotted far more often than these other early 4x4 vehicles. Broncos are known for their extreme performance in rock-crawling competitions, and are a popular choice for modifications.

Full Size Bronco 1978 to 1996 Edit

Design and DevlopmentEdit

Development of the full-size Bronco. The second-generation Broncos began their long history at Ford's Product Design Center in 1972. Code named "Project Short Horn", the designers and engineers at Ford were working on an all-new Bronco that would compete with and ultimately far surpass the extremely popular full-size Blazer from General Motors. Working with many sets of requirements imposed on them by Ford and learning from mistakes made by Chevrolet on the Blazer, the designers were able to come up with a vehicle that had many features never before seen in a sporty-utility vehicle. Ford required the new Bronco to be based on the new '73 F-100 and for it to be ready for the original release date of the 1974 model year. The new Bronco also had to use the F-100 doors with no modifications to save on production cost and had to have a removable hard top to compete with the Blazer.

It has been speculated by many that the onset of the 1973 OPEC oil embargo was by far the main reason that the introduction of the full-size Bronco was delayed until the 1978 model year. By 1977 the energy crisis had eased up and the first generation Broncos still being sold were terribly out dated by this time. Sales were sharply falling due to the extreme popularity of the much more modern and versatile Blazer. Ford also finally had a new, environmentally-friendly engine in use in its 4x4 trucks by 1977, the 351M/400, which could only mean one thing: The Full Size Bronco's time had finally come!

In mid 1977 Ford introduced the first full-size Broncos for the 1978 model year. The long awaited '78 Bronco was so popular that many people had to wait six months or longer to get one from their local Ford dealers. Consumers just couldn't get enough of them. Even the automobile and truck magazines of the time raved on and on about the new full-size Broncos. The '78 Bronco practically swept-the-boards with 4x4 and truck-of-the-year awards. Pickup, Van, & 4WD magazine even stated, "It's a guess, but perhaps a very safe bet, that Chevy, Dodge, and Jeep engineers have '78 Broncos in their labs now, taking a look and calculating ways and means for catching up".

1978 to 1979 Second Generation Edit

1978 Ford released the first full size Bronco based on a fullsize truck platform it featured only 351ci 2BBL Modified V8 and optional 400ci 2BBL Modified V8 motors, full and part time 4wd,Dana 44 front,Ford 9" rear axles and New Process transfer case,they were available with 4 speed manual or a C6 3 speed automatic transmission,this generation continued through 1979 with the addition of square head lamps as standard previously only available on higher end models Horsepower was 163hp for the 351ci V8 and 169hp for the 400ci V8

Trim levels included Custom, XLT, Ranger,Lariat and a special orange two tone package called free wheeling decor.

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1980 to 1986 Third Generation Edit

File:1983Broncosnowad.jpg

1980 saw the release of the second generation of full size Broncos again designed around a Ford F 150 chassis it carried the same styling of it's pickup brothers, featuring inset turn signals, a hood that set in to the front fenders and wraparound tail lights also a slightly rounder grill was added compared to the flatter front of the previous generation,also new for 1980 was the twin-traction beam Dana 44 front axle which replaced the old rigid axle on previous Broncos,transmissions included a 4 speed manual and C6 3 speed automatic.

Motor options were expanded in 1980 featuring a 300ci 1BBL I6 as standard, optional 302ci 2BBL V8 and the 351ci 2BBL Modified V8 was carried over from the previous generation.

Horsepower was 120hp for the 300ci I6, 133hp for the 302ci V8 and 163hp for the 351ci Modified V8.

1982 changes included a revised grille featuring a new 3 bar and Ford Blue Oval design,a Blue Oval was also featured on the tailgate in the lower left corner,the 351ci Modified V8 was gone replaced by the 351ci Windsor 2BBL V8 introduced in the 81 model year it produced 138hp.

1983 new convenience options were added including a head lamp on warning buzzer and underhood light with 20 ft cord.

1984 featured a new optional 351ci Windsor V8 with a 4BBL carburetor this was called the 351 H.O. for High Output rated at 210hp,a new under hood tool box option was also added.

1985 featured Ford's first Fuel Injected motor in it's truck line it was a 302ci EFI or Electronic Fuel Injection V8 And produced 185hp and better fuel economy compared to the previous 133hp 2BBL 302 V8,85 also featured Ford's first 4 speed over-drive automatic transmission.

1986 featured the addition of an Eddie Bauer trim level to the Bronco which included a lower two tone tan stripe.

Trim levels for this generation included Custom,XL,XLT,Ranger,Lariat and Eddie Bauer.

1987 to 1991 Fourth Generation Edit

1987 saw the introduction of a more aerodynamic Ford truck line and the full size Bronco was updated along with the other F series pickups,styling changes included a smoother aerodynamic front clip with flush head lamps and wraparound turn signals that were moved to the sides of the head lamps,standard rear Anti-lock breaks and 4000 Lbs rated rear step bumper were also among the improvements,Borg Warner 1345 and the electric shift 1356 transfer cases were now being used,the venerable Ford 9" rear axle was replaced by the Ford 8.8" rear sometime during the last generation,transmissions included 4 speed manual and 3 and 4 speed automatics.

Motor options now included the standard 300ci I6 now with EFI, the 302ci EFI V8 and the 351ci Windsor 4BBL carb V8.

Horsepower was now 150hp for the 300ci I6,185hp for the 302ci V8 and 210hp for the 351ci V8.

1988 the the 351ci V8 gets Electronic Fuel Injection along with better fuel economy but horsepower stayed at 210, serpentine drive belts are now standard and a 5 speed manual is standard as well.

1989 the 4 speed manual returns as a optional feature.

1990 the all new E4OD electronically controlled Heavy Duty 4 speed automatic transmission was now offered with the 351ci V8 but the 3 speed C6 automatic was still a option.

1991 a special 25th silver anniversary trim package and all black Nite package were now available the 4 speed E4OD auto was now available on all Motor options.

Trim levels included Custom, XL, XLT, Eddie Bauer and Nite which featured a handling package.

1992 to 1996 Fifth Generation Edit

1992 saw the redesign of the Ford F series trucks and again the Bronco followed suit, styling changes included a grille with two vertical bars and two horizontal bars, turn signals were moved under the headlamps and wrapped around the sides the parking lights were also moved to the sides, corners were smoother than the previous generation and the hood featured less drop at the front, power mirrors were now an available option.

Motor options included the 300ci EFI I6,302ci EFI V8 and 351ci EFI V8.

Transmissions include 4 and 5 speed manuals, the 4 speed E4OD automatic was now standard with the old 3 speed C6 available as special order item.

Horsepower was 150hp for the 300ci I6,185hp for the 302ci V8 and 210hp for the 351ci V8.

1993 four wheel anti-lock breaks became standard, although available on other trucks the 300ci Inline-6 was dropped from the Bronco lineup, and the Nite trim level was also dropped.

1994 saw a standard driver side SRS airbag introduced to the Bronco, a XLT sport package was offered with body colored grille and bumpers.

1995 body or two tone colored molded side steps were a option the 302ci EFI V8 got a power boost now with 195 horsepower.

1996 was the last year for the Ford Bronco as sales of two door SUV's were down across the board it would be replaced by the Expedition which had four doors and competed with Chevrolet's Tahoe more effectively ,the only change for this year was the in mirror turn signals available on XLT and Eddie Bauer models.

Trim levels for this generation were Custom,XL,XLT,Eddie Bauer and Nite (discontinued in 1993) models

Following Edit

Although out of production for 12 years at the time this was written the Ford Bronco still has a large following and for those who do not mind not having 4 doors on their SUV and people who want a great trail rig or hunting vehicle or just a good all around 4 wheel drive that can go anywhere and pull a good sized load this vehicle is a good reliable 4 Wheel Drive Utility Vehicle

Main CompetitorsEdit

  • Dodge Ramcharger
  • Chevrolet Blazer

See AlsoEdit

External LinksEdit

automobile.wikia.com


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