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Ford aspire


Ford Aspire

Ford Aspire (русск. Форд Эспайр), Kia Avella — субкомпактный легковой автомобиль, выпускавшийся компанией Kia Motors на заводе в Сеуле с 1994 года по 1997 год. Основные узлы и двигатель автомобиля изготовлялись японской Mazda.

Содержание

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Комплектация Править

Ford Aspire поставлялся в двух комплектациях: базовой и более комфортной SE. Отличие SE от базовой заключалос в улучшенных материалах отделки, подсветкой тахометра (голубой цвет), противотуманными фарами, задним спойлером и легкосплавными колесными дисками.

В 1997 году провели рестайлинг, в котором Aspire получил новую овальную решетку радиатора, округлые фары, измененные передний и задний бампера, и несколько других изменений.

На Ford Aspire устанавливали поперечно расположенный бензиновый рядный 4-цилиндровый 8-клапанным двигатель с распределенным впрыском и газораспределительным механизмом OHC объемом 1,3 л мощностью 63 л.с. (при 5000 об/мин) и с крутящим моментом 100 Нм/3000 об., который отличался незначительным расходом низкооктанового бензина, а также 3-ступ. АКПП и 5-ступ. МКПП. Максимальная скорость составляла с таким мотором - 145 км/ч.

Рулевое управление устанавливалось типа «шестерня-рейка». Подвеска передних колес включала в себя амортизационные стойки, поперечный рычаг и поперечный стабилизатор, в задней использовались соединяющая рычаги тяга, продольный рычаг, поперечный стабилизатор и винтовые пружины. Передние тормоза были дисковыми, задние — барабанные. Кроме ABS, устанавливавшейся опционно, в базовом оснащении присутствовала система Brake Assist. Размер стандартных шин 165/70 R13 S.

Дополнительно Править

Ford Aspire стал первым малолитражным автомобилем на североамериканском рынке, имевшим в своем оснащении 2 подушки безопасности и ABS для всех колес, автомобиль выпускался в кузовах 3-х или 5-дверного хэтчбека, был 5-местным и имел передний привод.

Недостатки Править

  • Недостаточная устойчивость к коррозии.
  • Малозаметные и слабые стоп-сигналы.
  • Недоработки шасси и весьма скромный дизайн.

1997 год стал последним для североамериканских продаж, что в некоторой степени можно объяснить распадом «тройственного союза» Ford-Kia-Mazda. Под брендом Kia модель Avella была заменена на Rio, выпуск которого продолжается в настоящее время. Предполагается, что в производственной программе Ford марка Aspire к 2010 году заменит компактную модель Fiesta.

Ссылки Править

de:Kia Avella

en:Ford Aspire fr:Ford Aspire

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Обзор Ford Aspire

    Легковая субкомпактная машинка Ford Aspire выпускалась раньше автокомпанией Kia Motors с начала 1994 по 1996 год на одном заводе Сеула, к тому же двигатель автомобиля и основные комплектующие поставляли с Японии от компании Mazda. В результате подобного симбиоза чуть позже появилась практически в полной мере идентичная машины — Kia Avella, которая в отличие от данного североамериканского брата продаваласб на азиатском рынке. Приемником Avella/Aspire являлся Форд Фестива. Под данным названием Aspire продавали в Австралии и Японии в качествего следующего поколения Ford Festive.

    Aspire производится в кузове трех или пятидверного хэтчбека, Автомобиль расчитан на 5 мест и обладает передним приводом. Габариты Форд Эспайр составляют 3882/1668/1411 мм, колесная база равна 2303 мм (5-дверная модификация — 3961 мм) и колея 1434/1434 мм. Снаряженная масса 3-дверной машины 909 кг, 5-дверной — 931 кг.

    Уникальные линии капота и кузова, тривиальное решение оформления радиатора, плавный дизайн заднего бампера, красочные каплеобразного вида фонари подчеркивают неповторимость имиджа и динамичности автомобиля. К тому же, кузов обтекаемого вида разрабатывался профессиональными дизайнерами из Кореи. Пусть смотрится не очень-то и красиво, однако все обладает своей неотъемлемой функциональностью.

Салон Ford Aspire

    Приборы легко читаются, органы управления легкодоступны и удобны. Отсутствует регулировка рулевой колонки, но по длине колонки, по высоте и углу наклона рулевое колесо достаточно удобно. Панель приборов оснащается спидометром, тахометром, датчиком температуры и топлива. На должном уровне находится подсветка приборов. Регулировка светотехникой осуществляется слева — подрулевым переключателем, а справа — омывателем и стеклоочистителем.

    Большой диапазон регулировок кресла водителя и уникальный профиль подушек, которые имеют боковую поддержку, дают возможность водителю комфортно разместиться даже после продолжительной напряженной поездки.

     Стоит отдельно рассказать о системе безопасности. Лицевая часть Форда Эспайр, вплоть до кресла водителя, усиливается панелями из стали высокой прочности, это делалось по новым стандартам для обеспечения безопасности многих малогабаритных автомобилей. Вместе с ремнями безопасности с 3-я точками фиксирования для водителя создается надежная защита во время фронтального столкновения. Для защиты от бокового удара устанавливается брус усиления дверей, который выполнен из высокопрочного металла. Такой брус хорошо защищает пассажиров и водителя.

Комплектация Ford Aspire

     Aspire обладает двумя уровнями комплектации: стандартной и более комфортной SE, в которую входят более качественные материалы оформления, тахометр с синей подсветкой, колесные легкосплавные диски, задний спойлер и противотуманные фары. В результате осуществленного фейслифтинга в 1997 году автомобиль смог получить обновленную овальную радиаторную решетку, округлые фары, новый задний и передний бампера, а также несколько других менее значимых модификаций.

Технические характеристики Ford Aspire

     Автомобиль комплектуется рядным поперечно расположенным бензиновым восьмиклапанным четырехцилиндровым силовым агрегатом с разделенным впрыском и газораспределительной системой OHC, объем которого 1,3 л, мощность равна 62 л.с. (при 5000 об/мин), а также с крутящим моментом 110 Нм/3100 об. С таким двигателем Aspire может развивать наибольшую скорость 146 км/ч.

     Мотор агрегатирутеся автоматической трехскоростной или механической пятиступенчатой КПП.

    Подвеска в передних колесах включает в себя амортизационные стойки, поперечный стабилизатор и поперечный рычаг, в задней применяется тяга соединяющая рычаги, винтовые пружины, поперечный стабилизатор и продольный рычаг. Спереди ставятся дисковые тормоза, сзади — барабанные. Помимо ABS, которая опционально складывается, в стандартной комплектации присутствует функция Brake Assist. Размер базовых шин 166/71 R13 S.

    Ford Aspire смогла стать первой малолитражной моделью на североамериканском рынке, которая имела в своей комплектации ABS и две подушки безопасности для всех шин (опция). Данный проворный хэтчбек выделяется небольшим расходом низкооктанового топлива, что делает его хорошим выбором для экономичного путешествия на большие расстояния. Передняя независимая подвеска Макферсона, а также и задняя с торсионами и вертикальными стойками  придают достаточно комфортное движение и прогнозируемое, безопасное управление.

Тест драйв Ford Aspire

   Машина Ford Aspire идеально подойдет для экономичной езды на большое расстояние. Этого можно достигнуть благодаря превосходным техническим особенносятм модели.

    Необходимо подчеркнуть, что за годы реализации Aspire не смогу получить большой популярности, люди жаловались на недостаточную защиту от коррозии, бледный дизайн, недоработки шасси и слабые стоп-сигналы.

     1997 год был последним для продаж на североамериканском рынке, что в определенной степени объясняется распадом «тройственного альянса» Ford-Kia-Mazda. Под компанией Kia модель Avella заменили на Rio, производство которого идет и в настоящий момент.

    В предположениях у компании значится такой факт, что в производственных программах Ford модель Aspire будущем сможет заменить компактную машинку  Ford Fiesta.

    Если рассматривать в целом, то автомобиль является хорошей экономной малолитражкой, по соотношению качество — цена, самое то для городской среды.

      Конечно же звукоизоляция хотелось бы чтобы была лучше, так как ее просто нет, в связи с этим по трассе двигаться просто невозможно, все что можно с нее выжать – это  146км\ч, больше и не сможете, так как обороты достаточно высокие, и не хочется поломать двигатель.

         Расход топлива незначительный, по городу где-то 6,2-7,3 литров, по трассе на 2-3 литра меньше, что еще раз подчеркивает экономичность машины.

Рубрики:Американские автомобили.

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Ford

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Ford Aspire

Ford Aspire Ford
Production 1994-1997
Class Subcompact
Body Style 3-Door Hatchback5-Door Hatchback
Length 152.8 (3-Door)155.9 (5-Door)
Width 65.7"
Height 55.6"
Wheelbase 90.7 (3-Door)93.9 (5-Door)
Weight 2000-2200 lbs
Transmission 5-Speed Manual, FWD3-Speed Automatic, FWD
Engine 1.3L (81 cid) I4
Power 63 hp
Similar None

Ford introduced the all-new Aspire in 1994 as a replacement for the departed Festiva. The Aspire was a little larger than the Festiva and certainly more Taurus-rounded in design, a distinctive change from the upright boxy Festiva. The Aspire would be relatively short-lived, being discontinued after 1997 with very little change throughout its tenure.

Here's a quick rundown:

1994-1997Edit

In the Australian market it was known as the Festiva, and continued the previous boxy Festiva name.

Like the former Festiva, the Aspire was also based on a Mazda design and produced in South Korea by Kia (which was then partly owned by Ford). The Festiva's 63 hp 1.3L (81 cid) I4 engine carried over to the Aspire, along with an available 5-speed manual or an optional 3-speed automatic transmission. 3- and 5-door hatchback bodystyles were offered, the latter on a slightly longer wheelbase. The 3-door could be ordered in upscale SE guise, adding fog lamps, a rear spoiler, and different seats and interior trim. Dual airbags were standard and anti-lock brakes were an option. 1995 Aspires changed very little other than the usual color-shuffling.

In 1996, the only real change was that the lower front spoiler was eliminated, and the window moldings and center roof pillars now were body-colored instead of former black. The SE package for the 3-door was gone too, leaving only the base trim for both bodystyles. For the Aspire's final year, it got its heaviest revision to date as there were all-new front and rear bumpers, headlights & taillights and an oval grille, but Ford nonetheless dropped the Aspire after this year, which never reached sales expectations, perhaps due to too much internal competition with Ford's own domestic-built subcompact Escort. There would be no replacement for the Aspire.

CompetitorsEdit

PhotosEdit

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Ford Festiva

Not to be confused with the Ford Festival and Ford Fiesta.

The Ford Festiva is a subcompact car that was marketed by Ford between 1986 and 2002. Festiva was sold in Japan, the Americas, and Australasia. The name "Festiva" is derived from the Spanish word for "festive". It was not related to the similarly sized and named Ford Fiesta, and was not replaced by the Ford Ka, which is smaller.

Designed by Mazda using the DA platform and B series inline-four engines, the Festiva continued the trend of Fords built and designed by Mazda for the Asia-Pacific market such as the Laser and Telstar.

South Korean first generation sales began in 1987 under the name Kia Pride, assembled by Kia under license. Australasia and Europe received the first version between 1987 and 1991 as the "Mazda 121". After 1991, Australasian sales occurred under the "Ford Festiva" name, while European sales continued under the name "Kia Pride". Kia ended production of the Pride in 2000, although SAIPA of Iran has produced this model in various forms since 2001. This ongoing production has been in parallel to the second generation Festiva introduced in 1993, sold as the Ford Aspire in North America and Kia Avella in South Korea and other markets. Although these second generations models were withdrawn in 2000, a third generation was sold between 1996 and 2002 in Japan as a badge-engineered version of the Mazda Demio.

First generation (WA; 1986–1993)

The first generation Ford Festiva was designed by Mazda in Japan at the request of parent company Ford.[6][7] The Mazda-designed and built three-door hatchback was launched in Japan in February 1986 under the name "Ford Festiva", with the 1.1 and 1.3-liter engines.[8][9][10] Festiva utilized the front-wheel drive layout, and its mechanicals consisted of rack and pinion steering, independent front suspension with struts, coil springs and sway bar, and a torsion beam rear suspension.[6][11] The Festiva was facelifted in 1989, receiving a redesigned grille insert and tail lamp lenses.[12] In Japan at launch, the Festiva three-door was offered in L, L Special, S, Ghia, and Canvas Top specification levels.[13] Ford retailed the Japanese market Festiva via the Autorama dealership network.[13] At the 1986 Tokyo Motor Show, the sporty GT and GT-X models were shown, with a unique twin-cam 1.3-liter engine (BJ). It has a special body kit and a prominent bonnet bulge, and went on sale on 1 December 1986.[14] By then, the Festiva Cargo L (commercial version) had also been added to the lineup, in either a two- or a five-seat version.

In mid-1986, another Ford partner, Kia Motors in South Korea began production of the Festiva under license as the "Kia Pride".[9] Starting from mid-1987 for the 1988 model year, Kia began exports to Canada under the "Ford Festiva" name, with United States sales commencing by the end of 1987.[13] Ford offered a single 1.3-liter B3 four-cylinder engine and three trim levels: L, L Plus, and LX.[12] The two base models featured a four-speed manual overdrive transmission, with the LX upgraded to a five-speed unit. A tachometer and tilt steering wheel also featured on the LX trim,[15] as did alloy wheels, remote mirrors, cloth interior seating, and an AM/FM cassette radio.[16] Ford released a minor facelift in North America for the 1990 model year.[17] At the same time, the engine's fuel delivery system transitioned from carburetor to fuel injection, and transmission choices were revised with a standard five-speed manual transmission and optional three-speed automatic.[12] Ford also replaced the manual front seat belts with motorized versions, and fitted manual rear seat belts as standard.[12] For the 1991 model year, the L Plus and LX models were combined into a single GL trim.[12] Optional power steering was deleted for 1992, and the GL gained alloy wheels and the availability of a "sport" package.[12] The final 1993 model year brought no changes.[12] Over the life of the Festiva in the United States, Kia exported roughly 350,000 units.[18] The agreement with Ford materialized in accordance with Kia's strategy implemented in the mid-1980s to progressively fill the void at the low-cost end of the market slowly being abdicated by the Japanese brands pursuing more expensive models with higher profit margins.[18] Compared to rival automakers in Japan, and also Europe and North America, Kia's main competitive advantage was its lower-paid South Korean workforce—which translated into lower-priced cars.[18]

Facelift Ford Festiva L Plus 3-door (US; MY 1990) Facelift Ford Festiva GL (New Zealand; 1991–1993) Facelift Ford Festiva GL 3-door (US; MY 1992–1993) Facelift Ford Festiva β sedan (Japan)

Mazda began producing the Festiva as the "Mazda 121" for Australia and Europe in 1987, but this model was never retailed in Japan.[9] The 121 ended production in 1990,[19] and was officially discontinued by Mazda Australia in February 1991.[20] From October 1991, Ford Australia began importing the car as the "Ford Festiva" from Kia's South Korean production facility.[21] Where the Mazda was sold as a three-door hatchback, the Ford was sold initially as a five-door only. From January 1993, a Festiva three-door, badged "Festiva Trio" was launched in Australia.[22] Both versions were powered by the overhead camshaft carbureted 1.3-liter B3 engine with the five-speed manual transmission; a three-speed automatic was optional for the five-door.[11][23] Standard equipment in Australia included an AM/FM radio, tachometer, intermittent windscreen wipers, remote releases for the rear door and fuel tank filler door, with air-conditioning available as an option.[11] Ford discontinued the Festiva in the Australian market in March 1994.[21]

Ford Australia's action was paralleled in Europe where Kia started exporting three- and five-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and five-door wagon variants of the Kia Pride in 1991 under their own name.[24] These additional sedan and five-door hatchback body variants were also imported from South Korea to Japan in left-hand drive form (Japan officially being a right-hand drive market) as the "Ford Festiva 5" (from May 1991) and "Festiva β", respectively.

In Taiwan, it was assembled using complete knock-down kits from 1989 via the local joint venture Ford Lio Ho.[4][25]

The 2008 edition of Monash University's Used Car Safety Ratings (UCSR), found that the first generation Festiva provides a "worse than average" (two out of five stars) level of safety in the event of an accident, in a comparison to other "light cars".[26] The safety rating was not calculated solely on the basis of the protection of the vehicle's occupants, with protection for "cyclists, pedestrians and drivers of other vehicles" included to give a "better guide to the total community impact of vehicle safety."[26]

Mazda 121 (DA)

See also: Mazda 121

Mazda began selling the 121 as a single three-door hatchback body variant in 1987 to sit below the larger 323 model.[6] Despite being manufactured there, the 121 was not sold in Japan under the "Mazda" brand.[9] Australian specification 121s were fitted with the 1.3-liter B3 engine, mated to a five-speed manual transmission.[20] European markets also received the 55 PS (40 kW) 1.1-liter B1 engine with a four-speed manual transmission.[27]

The 121 was sold in Australia from March 1987.[6] It featured a sliding rear bench seat, which increased cargo space by as much as 180 millimeters (7.1 in).[6] Levels of trim in Australia comprised the base-line Deluxe, the Super Deluxe, and the Fun Top (based on the Super Deluxe), featuring a large electric sliding canvas sunroof.[6] From October 1988, the Super Deluxe was discontinued and replaced by the Shades trim.[6] The European premiere for the 121 was at the Geneva Auto Salon in March 1988. The 1.1-liter version was added in July 1989. Trim levels were L and LX, with an SR version also available in the UK.[27]

Mazda issued an update for the 121 (released in October 1989 for the Australian market) with a new grille insert, body-hued exterior trim, redesigned instrumentation and interior seats and trim.[20] The Mazda variant was discontinued in 1991, being replaced by a new generation Mazda 121, based on the Japanese market Autozam Revue.[20][28][29]

  • Pre-facelift Mazda 121 Shades (Australia)

  • Pre-facelift Mazda 121 Fun Top, with canvas roof (Australia)

  • Facelift Mazda 121 (Germany)

Kia Pride (Y)

See also: Kia Pride

The Kia Pride badged version of the Festiva was manufactured in South Korea by Kia Motors from March 1987 to January 2000. Prior to its South Korean market release, exports as the Festiva had begun in December 1986 to Japan and the United States. The Pride was sold in four-door sedan form (in LX, GTX, and β trim levels), as well as three- and five-door hatchback forms (the CD-5) and five-door wagon body styles. The original Pride was only available as a three-door hatchback, while the five-door was added in June 1988. The four-door sedan model, the Pride Beta, arrived in November 1990, and the range was completed by the three-door van and five-door wagon in February 1992. In November 1993 the Pride received a minor facelift and production was also moved to Kia's Asia Motors subsidiary's Gwangju plant as Kia focused on the new Avella (Ford Aspire/WB Festiva). Until the Mazda 121 was replaced in late 1990, Kia-badged cars were only exported to certain tertiary markets. The Pride was replaced in 2000 by the Rio.

The Pride launched in the United Kingdom in June 1991, fitted with both the 1.1- B1 and 1.3-liter B3 engines. The 1.1 was only available as a three-door in the basic L trim (whitewall tyres were a commonplace feature on them).[30] There was also a panel van two-seater version in the UK and some other markets. Fuel injection appeared on the 1.3-liter-engined models in November 1994, referred to as the "1.3i". At this time, the 1.1-liter version was deleted.[30] December 1995 saw the Start 1.3i three-door replace the L, but from June 1999, the entry-level three-door was again renamed S with the higher-level three- and five-doors known as the SX.[30] Production ended during 2000.[30]

  • Pre-facelift Kia Pride 5-door (UK)

  • Facelift Kia Pride 3-door (Germany)

  • Facelift Kia Pride wagon (Germany)

SAIPA

SAIPA built the Kia Pride in Iran under license since 1993 and using up to 85 percent local parts as the "SAIPA Pride" from 2001 to 2005. Since 2003, a new five-door liftback model based on the Pride called the "SAIPA 141" has been produced, while continuing to sell the Iranian version of the Pride under the names "SAIPA Saba GLXi" (four-door sedan), "SAIPA Nasim Safari" (five-door wagon) and "SAIPA Nasim DMi" (five-door hatchback). Compared to these versions, the SAIPA 141 features revised rear styling with a longer liftback tail, and different interior design. The SAIPA 141 is sold in Venezuela under name "Turpial".[31] Another variant, known as the "SAIPA 132" began production in 2008 and differs from the Saba with its revised front and rear styling. The company introduced a coupe utility body style in 2008 under the name "SAIPA Pick-Up", with a 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) payload. The platform/engine of the Kia Pride also formed the basis for the Iranian P.K (2000 to 2005) and New P.K (2005 to 2007) models, which utilize Renault 5 bodies. In Iran, Prides continue to be the most common car with approximately 40 percent on vehicles in that country being a Pride-derived SAIPA.

Arab American Vehicles (AAV) manufactured the Pride in Cairo, Egypt, circa 1998.[1] Jiangsu Yueda Auto Works (later Yueda Kia Motors, currently Dongfeng Yueda Kia Motors) began assembly of the Pride in 1997. The sedan was called the Yueda Kia Pride YQZ6390, the hatchback either YQZ6370 or YQZ7141. Chinese production ended in December 2003.[32]

  • Saipa Pick-Up (Iran)

  • Saipa Pride sedan (Iran)

Second generation (WB, WD, WF; 1993–2000)

The second model Ford Festiva was jointly developed between Kia and Ford, retaining most of the drivetrain of the previous model with a more rounded body style. This new Festiva was slightly longer, wider, more aerodynamic, and suspended by MacPherson struts in the front and a torsion bar axle in the rear. While it was sold in certain markets as a second generation Festiva, Ford renamed it the "Aspire" in North American markets, where the five-door model was offered for the first time. In South Korea, the car was badged "Kia Avella". The sedan version was mainly restricted to the South Korean market, although it was also available with Festiva badging in Taiwan.

Depending on the market, some retained the SOHC, throttle-body injected motor, while others received an engine with a DOHC cylinder head and MPI also designed by Mazda. These engines were:

  • B3 EGi: 1.3 L (1,323 cc) fuel injected 8-valve I4 making 63 hp (47 kW) at 5000 rpm and 74 lb·ft (100 N·m) at 3000 rpm
  • B5 EGi: 1.5 L (1,498 cc) fuel injected 8-valve I4 making 88.4 hp (66 kW) at 5000 rpm and 99 lb·ft (134 N·m) at 4000 rpm (Asia and Oceania only)

Transmission options comprised a five-speed manual transmission, although all models could be optioned with a four-speed automatic. Australian and U.S. models were equipped with a three-speed automatic.

Facelifted Ford Festiva Trio S 3-door (Australia)

In 1997, the Festiva received a new front bumper with an oval grille, reshaped headlamps, and other minor changes. The Aspire was dropped from the Ford range in the United States after 1997.

The second generation Festiva continued to be sold in Australia until 2000 when it was replaced by the Ford Ka. Australian second-generation Festivas have U.S. side marker light cut-outs on each side of the vehicle (driver-side and passenger-side) at the front and rear. Instead of housing orange reflectors/lights at the front sides and red reflectors/lights at the rear sides, there are non-lit orange reflectors at all four locations. These redundant reflectors, coupled with the orange side indicator repeater (which is not required in the U.S., and was not included on the Aspire) make for a unique side profile.

Kia developed their following model, the Kia Rio, completely independently, and finished their relationship with Ford.

Like the first generation, the 2008 edition of the Used Car Safety Ratings (UCSR) by Monash University in Australia found the second series Festiva to provide a "worse than average" (two out of five stars) safety protection level in the event of an accident.[26] In the 2010 edition, the scoring was downgraded to "very poor" (equivalent to one of five stars, or the "significantly worse than average" terminology used in 2008).[33]

  • Pre-facelift Ford Festiva SX 3-door (Japan)

  • Pre-facelift Ford Festiva GLi 5-door (Australia)

  • Facelift Ford Festiva GLXi 5-door (Australia)

  • Facelift Ford Festiva sedan (Taiwan)

Ford Aspire

1994–1996 Ford Aspire three-door 1996–1997 Ford Aspire three-door

The Ford Aspire was sold in North America from 1993 to 1997. It was the replacement for the Ford Festiva. It was the first car in its class to have dual airbags standard and antilock brakes optional. It came in two and four door body styles, both hatchbacks. The two door was available in base and SE trim while the four door was only available in base trim. The SE model offered a sporting package that consisted of fog lights, rear spoiler, alloy wheels, blue face instrument cluster with tachometer, and upgraded interior trim. The Aspire had very few options for the base model: cassette player, automatic transmission, rear defrost and wiper, alloy wheels, and a comfort and convenience package that had several minor interior upgrades. Due to slow sales the SE model was dropped after 1995 along with all of its optional equipment. The base model also lost its optional alloy wheels and rear wiper, making the Aspire a true "stripper" of a car. The performance with the five-speed was acceptable but the automatic was slower with 0–60 times at 16.2 seconds. Power steering was only available with the five-door automatic. The Aspire was given a facelift in 1997 with redesigned front and rear bumpers, a new radio, and new seat facings. In August 1997, Ford announced the Aspire would be discontinued due to slow sales. The last one rolled off the assembly line on September 26, 1997.

Kia Avella

The version of the Festiva sold in Korea, from March 1994, was badged "Kia Avella".[34][35] "Avella" was a made-up portmanteau word, combining aveo (Latin for "desire") and ella (Spanish for "she").[36] Available in sedan (Avella Delta), three-door and five-door hatchback body styles. Sales of the Avella totalled 115,576 in 1994 but dropped to only 27,850 in 1998. The Avella was primarily intended for export markets carrying Ford badging, as South Korean customers tended to prefer sedans over hatchbacks. It was sold in a very few export markets with Kia badging, such as Malta. The Avella was discontinued in 1999 (although production for some export markets continued until 2000), it and the Pride (first generation Festiva) were collectively replaced by the Kia Rio in 2000.

All Avellas came standard with 13 inch wheels, a four-speaker stereo, heated rear glass, anti-lock brakes (ABS), driver's side airbag, and door impact beams. Optional equipment included air conditioning, power locks, power mirrors, power windows, folding rear seats, dimming interior mirror, a tachometer, and aluminum wheels. The Avella was the first South Korean car in its class to offer dual airbags and ABS-brakes.[36] The Delta version received a slightly reworked front end from its hatchback siblings.

While the standard Avellas received the 73 PS (54 kW) 1.3 liter Mazda B3 engine, higher spec versions were available both with an SOHC and a more powerful DOHC version of the 1.5 liter B5 engine. The 105 PS (77 kW) DOHC version was only available in the four-door Avella Delta. Five-speed manuals as well as three- or four-speed automatic transmissions were available.

  • Pre-facelift Kia Avella Delta sedan (South Korea)

  • Pre-facelift Kia Avella Delta sedan (South Korea)

Third generation (1996–2002)

Ford Festiva Mini Wagon (Japan) Main article: Mazda Demio

Sales of the second generation Festiva ended in 1996 for the Japanese market, being replaced by generation three—a badge engineered Mazda Demio (DW). Known as the "Ford Festiva Mini Wagon", the Japanese-only model range consisted of a single five-door hatchback body style available with either a 1.3- or 1.5-liter engine. Transmission options were a three-speed or four-speed automatic and a five-speed manual. Production continued until Mazda ceased manufacture of the equivalent Demio in 2002.

References

  1. ^ a b "Production History". Arab American Vehicles. Retrieved 2010-03-25. 
  2. ^ "Pars Khodro in history" (PDF). Pars Khodro. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  3. ^ "Iraq". Saipa Automotive Manufacturing Group. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Plant Information". Ford Motor Company. Archived from the original on 2009-09-18. 
  5. ^ 日本フォード フェスティバ GT−A [Ford Festiva GT-A]. Goo-net (in Japanese). Proto Corporation. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Mazda 121 DB11 (Mk1) 121 1987–1989". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  7. ^ Halligan, Rod (May 2, 2009). "Mazda 121 – Carsguide Car of the Week". Carsguide. News Limited. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  8. ^ 自動車ガイドブック [Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book 1987~'88] (in Japanese), 34, Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, 28 October 1987, p. 178, 0053-870034-3400 
  9. ^ a b c d Norman, Rich (2005). "History of Festiva". Fordfestiva.com. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  10. ^ Radley, Kevin (July 1986). "Far-Eastern Ford". Popular Science. New York City: Bonnier Corporation: 14. 
  11. ^ a b c "1991 Ford Festiva 5-dr hatch". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "1990–1993 Ford Festiva: Full Review". HowStuffWorks. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. 
  13. ^ a b c Hartford, Bill (June 1986). "Fordable Festiva". Popular Mechanics. Des Moines, Iowa: Hearst Magazines: 10. 
  14. ^ Automobile Guide Book 1987~'88, p. 125.
  15. ^ Vaughan, Brian (December 2, 2010). "1988 Ford Festiva Specifications". eHow.  Missing or empty |url= (help)
  16. ^ Swan, Tony (September 1988). "Ford Festiva LX". Popular Mechanics. Des Moines, Iowa: Hearst Magazines: 121. 
  17. ^ Dammann, George (1993). 90 Years of Ford. Motorbooks International. p. 597. After getting a slight facelift in 1990, the virtually unchanging Korean-built Festiva remained a carbon of last year. 
  18. ^ a b c Grant, Tina, ed. (1999). International directory of company histories, Volume 29. Detroit, Michigan: St. James Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-55862-388-0. A major breakthrough for Kia occurred in 1987, however, when it started shipping automobiles to the largest single international car market, the United States. Kia reached and agreement to supply Ford with its Festiva model. [...] Kia planned to ship about 70,000 units annually for Ford and a like number of the cars to other countries. Kia's sales topped US $2.4 billion in 1987 as its work force swelled to about 23500. Kia's arrangement with Ford reflected its strategy, first evident in the mid-1980s, to gradually assume Japan's role as the leading supplier of low-end economy cars. By the mid-1980s, in fact, it was clear to Kia executives that Japan was reducing its emphasis on low-priced cars and focusing on higher-priced, high-profit vehicles. [...] Kia planned to use its low-cost production advantages to fill the void. Kia's greatest edge in comparison to US, European, and Japanese automakers was labor. Indeed, until the late 1980s Kia paid its workers a mere fraction of what their foreign counterparts earned. The savings were mirrored in cars like the Festiva, which enjoyed steady demand as a result of their extremely low prices. Over a period of about five years, Kia shipped 350,000 Festivas to Ford. 
  19. ^ "Mazda 121 (DA)". Red Book. Automotive Data Services. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Mazda 121 (DB11 (Mk1) 121) 1989–1991". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  21. ^ a b "Ford Festiva (WA Festiva) 1991–1994". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  22. ^ "Ford Festiva 1991–2000". Marque Publishing Company. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  23. ^ "Ford Festiva WA". Red Book. Automotive Data Services. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  24. ^ Foulfellow, John. "KIA Pride (1991–2000 )". Honestjohn.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  25. ^ Japanese Motor Business. Economist Intelligence Unit. 1994. p. 56. Ford's Taiwanese affiliate, Ford Lio Ho, has been involved in the alliance. Ford Lio Ho makes the Ford Festiva (based on the previous generation Mazda 121) [...] Furthermore, until recently the Festiva was built by Kia Motors, which exported it to North America. Production of the Festiva is being transferred to Kia's domestic affiliate, Asia Motors, now that Kia has introduced a new small car model, the Avella. 
  26. ^ a b c "Used Car Safety Ratings 2008" (PDF). Monash University. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  27. ^ a b Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milan: Editoriale Domus. pp. 454–456. 
  28. ^ "Bubble and Squeak". Drive. Fairfax Media. 2000-02-04. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  29. ^ "1990~1999". Mazda. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  30. ^ a b c d Crouch, Jonathan. "Used Car Review: Kia Aura". Autoweb. Archived from the original on 2010-11-03. 
  31. ^ President Chávez to give first 300 Venirauto vehicles, ABN
  32. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. 2006. pp. 230–231. 
  33. ^ "Used Car Safety Ratings 2010" (PDF). Monash University. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  34. ^ "Kia Avella". Paul Trading Corp. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  35. ^ "Models of Kia Avella 1998". Paul Trading Corp. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  36. ^ a b Limb, Jae-un (2010-10-06). "Blast From the Past #30: A small car that was big on safety". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2011-06-27. 

External links

Media related to Ford Festiva at Wikimedia Commons

en.wikipedia.org

FORD ASPIRE - Review and photos

ford aspire | show original size

The Ford Festiva is a subcompact auto that was showcased by the Ford Motor Company somewhere around 1986 and 2002. Festiva was sold in Japan, the Americas, and Australasia. The name "Festiva" is determined from the Spanish word for bubbly. It ought not be befuddled with the correspondingly measured Ford Fiesta. Composed by Mazda utilizing the DA stage and B arrangement inline-four motors, the Festiva proceeded with the pattern of Fords fabricated and outlined by Mazda for the Asia-Pacific market, for example, the Laser and Telstar.

South Korean original deals started in 1987 under the name Kia Pride, amassed by Kia under permit. Australasia and Europe accepted the first form somewhere around 1987 and 1991 as the Mazda 121. After 1991, Australasian deals happened under the Passage Festiva name, while European deals proceeded under the name Kia Pride. Kia finished generation of the Pride in 2000, despite the fact that SAIPA of Iran has delivered this model in different structures since 2001.

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