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Ford aerostar


Ford Aerostar

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The Ford Aerostar is a range of passenger and cargo vans manufactured and marketed by Ford in the United States and Canada; a limited number were exported outside of North America. The first minivan sold by Ford, the Aerostar was sold in a single generation from the 1986 to 1997 model years. Introduced shortly before the Ford Taurus, the vehicle derives its nameplate from its slope-nosed "one-box" exterior (although over six feet tall, the body of the Aerostar retained a drag coefficient of Cd=0.37,[1] besting the Lincoln Mark.VII).

For the 1995 model year, the front-wheel drive Ford Windstar was introduced to replace the Aerostar; both minivans were sold concurently through the 1997 model year. In the Ford model line, the role of the Aerostar cargo van was left unfilled; the closest successor is the Ford Transit Connect, introduced in 2010.

A total of 2,029,577 Aerostars were produced from 1985 to 1997. All production was sourced from the now-closed St. Louis Assembly Plant in Hazelwood, Missouri.

Development

Carousel: the garageable van

Main article: Ford Carousel

At Ford, development of a minivan began in the early 1970s as a companion model to the Econoline full-size van. As the company was readying the third-generation Econoline for a 1975 introduction, company product planners sought to develop the concept of a "garageable van" that could easily fit through a standard 7-foot-tall garage door opening. Dubbed Carousel, the vehicle was given a lower roofline and a rear body surrounded by glass (similar to the Chevrolet Nomad). Sharing its chassis with the standard-wheelbase van, the Carousel prototype was powered by a 460 cubic inches (7.5 L) V8 and an automatic transmission. In a key indication of its target market, the Carousel wore a rear tailgate with a drop-down rear window with simulated exterior woodgrain trim. Inside, it was fitted with two rear bench seats with interior trim similar to the Ford Country Squire and Mercury Colony Park.

While the Carousel received a positive response by many Ford executives for a potential 1976 introduction, it ultimately would not reach production. While financial constraints forced the company to divert funds towards critical projects (such as the Fox platform and Panther platform), the 1973 energy crisis played a major role as well. In 1978, Lee Iaccoca and Hal Sperlich left Ford and were hired by Chrysler, leading to the eventual development of the Chrysler minivans. While sharing the "garageable van" concept of the Ford Carousel, the 1984 Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager would become far different vehicles in terms of layout and engineering.

Aerostar: all-new design

During the early 1980s, as information became known about the development of the Chrysler minivans, Ford began development of its own minivan in response. The energy crises of the late 1970s made fuel economy a high priority of vehicle design; as such, simply downsizing the Econoline was not a competitive option for Ford. To lower weight, the new minivan would use plastic in the bumpers, fuel tank, rear door, and hood with aluminum used for the driveshafts, axles, and wheels.[2] While the new Ford minivan would be built on a dedicated chassis (unlike Chrysler or GM), the launch of the Ranger for 1983 allowed for the use of shared chassis, suspension, and powertrain components to cut development costs. The use of Ranger/Bronco II parts would also make for major fuel economy gains over a vehicle based upon the F-Series/E-Series trucks. Unique to the chassis was the rear suspension, a 3-link coil spring suspension with a live rear axle; it was designed specifically for the minivan (four-wheel coil springs were only seen in the Renault Espace at the time).[2]

Overview

Chassis

1987 Ford Aerostar XLT

As with its Chrysler and General Motors minivan counterparts, the chassis of the Ford Aerostar derives a number of suspension and powertrain components from existing vehicles to lower development costs. Although it would become the first Ford truck to make use of a unibody chassis, the Aerostar shared most of its components with the Ford Ranger/Bronco II light trucks. To reinforce the chassis for towing and overall rigidity, the dedicated platform (codenamed VN1, the first alphanumeric designation for a Ford platform) was designed with full-length integrated frame rails. The addition provided the Aerostar with the same 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) tow rating as the Astro/Safari, 2½ times the capacity of the Chrysler minivans.[3][4]

The front suspension consisted of unequal length A-arms through its entire production. The lower A-arm was changed to accommodate the E-4WD option from 1990 onward. The Aerostar differed from all other Ford light trucks in its rear suspension configuration as well. To save space, the live rear axle was fitted with a three-link coil-sprung rear suspension (similar to the Panther-platform cars of the time). During its production run, the Ford Aerostar was the only North American-market minivan sold with four-wheel coil-spring suspension (the planned launch of the Renault Espace by AMC was stillborn).

While the planned four-cylinder diesel engine from the 1984 concept vehicle was dropped in the prototype phase,[3] the Aerostar was launched with two engines from the Ranger/Bronco II: a standard 2.3 L four-cylinder (shared with the Mustang) and a carburetor equipped 2.8 L Cologne V6 (from Ford of Europe) for the first few months of production. Shortly after the introduction, the 2.8L V6 was replaced with the newly introduced electronic multi-port fuel injected 3.0 L Vulcan V6 from the Ford Taurus/Mercury Sable,[5] adding 30 hp. For 1988, the 2.3L engine was discontinued; the Aerostar became the first minivan powered exclusively by V6 engines. In 1990, coinciding with the introduction of the E4WD Aerostar, a 4.0 L version of the Cologne V6 was introduced; while standard with all-wheel drive versions, it became an option on rear-wheel drive XLT and Eddie Bauer trims as well.

Sharing its transmissions with the Ford light-truck line, the Aerostar was available with a five-speed manual until 1995 (nearly exclusively in cargo vans and XL trim); unlike the Chrysler minivans, the Aerostar was sold exclusively with overdrive automatic transmissions. In 1997, the 4.0 L V6 became paired with the first five-speed automatic transmission fitted in a US-market minivan.

Engine name Displacement Horsepower Years available Notes Transmissions Lima inline-4 Cologne V6 Vulcan V6 Cologne V6
2.3 L (140 cu in) SOHC I4 100 hp (75 kW) 1986–1987 Shared with Ford Ranger, Ford Mustang/Mercury Capri, and Ford LTD.

Naturally aspirated version of engine in Ford Mustang SVO and Ford Thunderbird Turbo Coupe.

5-speed manual
  • Mazda TK5 (1986-1987)
  • Mazda M5OD (1988-1995)

4-speed automatic

  • Ford A4LD (1986-1994)
  • Ford 4R44E (1995-1996; Vulcan V6)
  • Ford 4R55E (1995-1996; Cologne V6)

5-speed automatic

  • Ford 5R55E (1997; Cologne V6)
2.8 L (170 cu in) OHV V6 115 hp (86 kW) 1986 Shared with the Ranger and Bronco II, this engine was used only for the first few months of 1986 production.[5] The Aerostar was the last North American Ford to use this variant of the Cologne V6.
3.0 L (182 cu in) OHV V6 145 hp (108 kW) 1986–1997 Shared with the Taurus/Sable and Tempo/Topaz, the Aerostar was the first rear-wheel drive application of the Vulcan V6.

The Vulcan V6 was the only engine for the 1988-1989 Ford Aerostar.

4.0 L (245 cu in) OHV V6 160 hp (119 kW) 1990–1997 Shared with the Ranger and Explorer, the 4.0L Cologne V6 was optional in rear-wheel drive versions and standard in all-wheel drive examples.
All-wheel drive (E-4WD) Aerostar (1990–1997)

For 1990, Ford introduced an electronically-controlled four-wheel drive system as an option for the Aerostar. Called E-4WD (Electronic 4-Wheel Drive), the system was specifically an all-wheel drive system. Using a Dana TC28 transfer case with a center differential (regulated by an electronically controlled electro-magnetic clutch), all four wheels were given traction at all times. The system shifted traction to the front wheels as it detected rear wheel spin, with no driver input required. As E-4WD was not intended for off-road driving, the Aerostar was not provided with specific low-range gearing.

Sold from 1990 to 1997, the E-4WD option was available with XLT and Eddie Bauer trims and was paired exclusively with the 4.0L V6 and automatic transmission.

Exterior

1989–1991 Aerostar XLT

Distinguished by its sloped-nosed design, the Ford Aerostar utilizes a "one-box" design similar to the Renault Espace and the Ford Transit; in contrast to its European counterparts, the Aerostar has much shorter overhangs with the wheels placed at the corners. In an effort to further improve its fuel efficiency and aerodynamics and lower its curb weight, several plastic body parts (bumpers, rear hatch) that were utilized in the 1984 concept car were adopted for production.

As a response to the Dodge Grand Caravan and Plymouth Grand Voyager, an (unnamed) extended-length version of the Ford Aerostar entered production for 1989. Sharing the 119-inch wheelbase with the standard-length version, the extended-length Aerostar added 14" to the rear body. During the 1990s, the extended-length Aerostar would become the most popular version of the vehicle.

While the Ford Aerostar would never see a full redesign over its 12-year production run, it would see a number of detail changes to bring it in line with other Ford trucks. For 1988, the nameplate badging was changed, moving it from each fender to the tailgate; it was changed from chrome to silver in color. In 1989, the chrome grille was replaced by a black-trim grille; the bracketed towing mirrors were replaced by integrated powered sideview mirrors. In 1992, an extensive facelift redesigned the grille, bumpers, wheels, and replaced the sealed-beam headlights with replaceable-bulb composite units (the amber turn signal lenses were changed to clear-lens units). As it was becoming a federal requirement, a center brake light was added for 1994. As the Aerostar had been slated for discontinuation after the 1994 model year, few visible changes were made afterwards. For 1997, the amber rear turn signal lenses were deleted; XLT models were given optional 14x6" seven-hole alloy wheels.

Interior

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In contrast to its radical exterior design, the interior design of the Ford Aerostar adopted many industry-standard features. For example, the seven-passenger Aerostar was configured with the 2-2-3 seating layout popularized in both Chrysler and General Motors minivans. Borrowing features from full-size conversion vans, XLT-trim versions were available with second-row bucket seats; another option allowed both rear bench seats to fold down to make a bed; both rows of rear seats were removable.

However, the interior also featured several European-influenced designs: the Aerostar was fitted with a floor-mounted shifter for both automatic and manual transmissions and was equipped with a handbrake (which would become a feature in all US-market Ford minivans); in a fashion similar to the Volkswagen Vanagon, the second-row windows slid open. While cupholders were relegated to an optional armrest in the third-row seats, the Aerostar could be specified with up to six ashtrays and two cigar lighters; the interior may have been designed with a smoker in mind.

In 1992, coinciding with the exterior updates, the interior also saw a major upgrade. Along with the addition of a driver's side airbag and three-point seatbelts for all six outboard seats, the dashboard was redesigned with improved controls (many shared with the 1992 Econoline) and a new instrument panel. In 1993, integrated child safety seats were introduced as an option.

Trim

Along with a cargo van (distinguished by its available double rear doors and lack of side windows), the Aerostar passenger van (called the Wagon) came in two trim levels: base-trim XL and deluxe-trim XLT (in keeping with the Ford truck line). Many features standard on the XLT were available as extra-cost options on the XL, such as power windows, mirrors, and locks, air conditioning, and privacy glass.

XLT-trim Wagons also included the following features as extra-cost options:

  • Overhead trip computer with auto-dimming rearview mirror (featuring: Distance to Empty (English/Metric), Trip Mileage, Average Fuel Economy, Instant Fuel Economy, Average Speed (English/Metric), along with dual map lights)
  • Rear climate control
  • 2nd-row Captains chairs (quad seats)
  • Fold-flat second and third-row bench seatbacks
  • 8-speaker AM/FM stereo with cassette player
  • Premium AM/FM/cassette sound system with 7-band equalizer and rear-seat headphone jacks
  • Rear-wheel anti-lock brakes
  • Electronic four-wheel drive (see section)
  • Two-tone paint
  • 14" aluminum wheels
Eddie Bauer Wagon (1988–1996)
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1989 Aerostar Eddie Bauer

Introduced during the 1988 model year, the Aerostar was one of the first Ford vehicles to feature the Eddie Bauer brand in an outdoors-themed option package. Marketed above the XLT, the Aerostar Eddie Bauer was the first minivan marketed towards luxury buyers (at the time, Chrysler still produced the Chrysler Town & Country as a compact station wagon).

Eddie Bauer trim combined the interior convenience features of the XLT trim with two-tone exterior paint (tan as the accent color on the rocker panels and wheel trim) and a tan outdoors-themed interior. As on the XLT, cloth seating surfaces were standard; as part of the 1992 update, leather seats became an option. A standard feature of the trim package (an option on the XLT) was a feature allowing the second and third row bench seats to fold flat into a large bed across the rear half of the interior. However, a large number of Eddie Bauer Wagons were ordered with the optional second-row bucket seats/captain's chairs.

Following the introduction of the extended-length wagon in 1989, the Eddie Bauer trim was available in both body configurations. After 1989, the option package came with the 4.0L V6 standard, though buyers could choose between rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive powertrains.

After the 1996 model year, the Eddie Bauer Wagon was discontinued as the Aerostar trim line was consolidated to the cargo van and the Aerostar XLT.

Aerostar Sport (1992–1996)
1992–1996 Ford Aerostar XL Sport

In 1992, the Aerostar Sport was introduced as an option package available for any non-Eddie Bauer Aerostar Wagon. Similar to its Chevrolet Astro RS/GMC Safari CS and Dodge Caravan ES counterparts, the Aerostar Sport was largely a cosmetic and appearance upgrade. Distinguished by their silver-accented paint and "Sport" pinstriping, the Sport featured integrated running boards with a color-matched front air dam and color-matched rear mud flaps. On darker colors, the front grille and chrome was painted body color.

The trim version of an Aerostar Sport is most easily identified by its wheels; XL Sport Wagons are equipped with full wheel covers while XLT Sport Wagons (less common) are equipped with aluminum wheels.

Concept vehicles

Ford Aerostar (1984)

The Aerostar name was first revealed as a concept vehicle was shown in 1984,[3] with Ford predicting up to 40 mpg in production versions with four-cylinder diesel engines.[3] With a drag coefficient of Cd=0.37, the Aerostar was one of the sleekest vehicles designed by Ford, besting the Ford Mustang SVO and the Lincoln Continental Mark VII.

Ford engineers chose the front-engine layout for a variety of reasons. In terms of safety and engine access (in comparison to German and Japanese imports), the company found that potential buyers preferred the configuration over rear and mid-engine vehicles.[3] Ford also chose a rear-wheel drive layout for the Aerostar; this provided it with a same 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) tow rating, 2½ times the capacity of the Chrysler vans.[3][4]

In the change from concept to production, very little of the exterior design would change, except for the window glass, headlights, and grille.

HFX Aerostar Ghia (1987)

Introduced at the 1987 Frankfurt Auto Show,[6] the HFX (High Feature Experimental) Aerostar Ghia was a prototype of future minivan design. Two running prototypes were built from the collaboration of Ford and Ghia;[7] both used the stock 3.0L Vulcan V6 and A4LD automatic transmission. The HFX concept borrowed some features used in other Ford vehicles, such as four-wheel air suspension and electronic climate control. From there, some of the technologies showcased in the HFX had never before been seen in a minivan; this included run-flat tires, adjustable pedals, power-sliding side doors, electric power steering, ABS, traction control, seatbelt pretensioners, and movable grille shutters.[7] On the rear, an LCD display was installed for the use of displaying 12 pre-programmed warning messages.[7]

Link to HFX Aerostar Ghia images.

Awards

The Aerostar was named Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 1990.[8]

Discontinuation

1995 Ford Windstar Ford Transit Connect Wagon, current-generation Ford minivan in North America

While the Ford Aerostar would go on to become a sales success[clarification needed] for Ford Motor Company during the 1980s, Ford would become one of many manufacturers seeking to develop a minivan to gain part of the significant market share held by Chrysler in the minivan segment in the late 1980s. To do so, Ford began work on a second-generation minivan in 1988, for a planned 1993 introduction. Shifting away from the rear-wheel drive configuration of the Aerostar, Ford followed the design lead of Chrysler, building its new minivan on a front-wheel drive car platform. Which became the Ford Windstar that would share its underpinnings with the 1996 Ford Taurus.

As the Ford Windstar was being readied for its 1995 model-year introduction, Ford had planned for 1994 to be the final year for the Aerostar. In a fashion similar to the reaction to the planned replacement of the Fox-body Mustang with a Mazda-engineered vehicle in the late 1980s (which ultimately became the Ford Probe) Ford Motor company received a negative reaction[clarification needed] from the public and from its dealers. Taking note of this, Ford relented and announced that it would sell the Aerostar alongside the Windstar for the upcoming future. After the planned 1994 cancellation date came and went, the Aerostar remained in production until the 1997 model year. On March 17, 1997, Ford announced the discontinuation of the Aerostar, alongside the Aspire, Thunderbird, Probe, and Mercury Cougar.[9]

After a 12-year production run, the Ford Aerostar was by far the oldest minivan sold in North America; a primary factor in its cancellation was an impending requirement for the addition of dual airbags, which would have required a complete (and costly) redesign of the front dashboard and front crash structure. As the Aerostar shared the St. Louis Assembly Plant with the Ford Explorer, Ford felt that each Aerostar produced was a missed opportunity to produce a Ford Explorer. As four-door sport-utility vehicles were rising in popularity as family and towing vehicles, the Explorer began to take the place of the Aerostar in the same way the latter had taken the place of the Ford Country Squire a decade before.

After being sold alongside the Windstar for three model years, the final Aerostar was assembled at St. Louis Assembly Plant on August 22, 1997; a total of 2,029,577 were produced over 12 years.[10] Although both the Windstar and the Freestar were produced in cargo van configurations, the first direct successor to the Aerostar Van in terms of size and capability is the 2010 Transit Connect though the Transit Connect is front-wheel drive rather than rear-wheel drive. In 2014, Ford began to sell the Transit Connect in North America in a seven-seat configuration, its first minivan since 2007.

References

  1. ^ Ford Motor Company (December 1985). "Age of Aerostar (Ford Advertisement)". Popular Mechanics (magazine). pp. 6–7. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Stepler, Richard (February 1985). "New-generation mini-vans". Popular Science. pp. 74–76. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dunne, Jim (April 1984). "Ford's aero van". Popular Science. p. 54. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Ford Motor Company (February 1986). "Age of Aerostar". Popular Mechanics. p. 9. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b 5
  6. ^ http://www.limerick.eu/media/belltable%2023.pdf
  7. ^ a b c "Google Translate". Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "Truck of the Year Winners". Motor Trend. Primedia, Inc. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  9. ^ "Probe History". Archived from the original on 2001-12-07. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  10. ^ http://www.bluesarthouse.com/ford/plant.htm

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ford Aerostar.
  • Ford Aerostar TV advertisement (1985) - YouTube

en.wikipedia.org

Обзор автомобиля Ford Aerostar

Пожалуй, самые популярные автомобили в США – это пикапы и минивэны. Последние начали обретать популярность еще в 1980-х. Так, в 1986 году компанией «Форд» был создан первый минивэн на 7 пассажирских мест. Им стал Ford Aerostar. Описание его и характеристики будут рассмотрены в нашей сегодняшней статье.

Краткое знакомство

«Форд Аэростар» - это американский минивэн, серийно производившийся с 86-го по 97-й год. Модель предназначена для внутреннего рынка и не использовалась в Европе. Автомобиль характеризуется высоким уровнем безопасности и комфорта, за что неоднократно получал награды.

Дизайн

Автомобиль имеет классический вид. Ранние версии шли с черными бамперами и без боковых молдингов. В 90-х облик машины слегка изменился. Теперь появилась «листва» внизу, а бампер стал окрашиваться в цвет. Ford Aerostar обладает простыми, угловатыми формами. Спереди мы видим квадратную галогенную оптику, раздельные оранжевые поворотники и плоский капот. Некоторые версии шли с надкрышным багажником. Сзади – широкая крышка багажника (версий с распашными воротами не предусматривалось) и простой формы бампер. Также сзади предусмотрен омыватель стекла и отдельный дворник.

Салон

Не зря этот минивэн называли одним из самых комфортных на рынке. Сиденья у «Форда Аэростар» очень мягкие и удобные. Причем комфорта не лишены даже задние пассажиры. Все кресла имеют свои подлокотники и хорошо выраженную боковую поддержку. На этой машине можно спокойно отправляться в дальний путь. Качество шумоизоляции у машины - на высоком уровне. Материалы отделки - очень приятные на ощупь. Несмотря на то, что Ford Aerostar – минивэн из 80-х, в нем уже предусмотрена функция откидных сидений. Задний ряд легко демонтируется одним человеком. Кстати, благодаря широким размерам, сзади удобно размещались три взрослых пассажира. По всему салону можно увидеть различные подстаканники (выдвижные), сетки для вещей, перчаточные и вещевые ящики и много других приятных мелочей. В минивэне даже предусмотрена откидная полочка для того, чтобы есть в дороге.

Отличительная черта американского Ford Aerostar – оповещение о выключенном свете или забытом замке зажигания при открывании двери.

Минивэн «Форд Аэростар» имеет особый рычаг КПП. Он имеет длинный шток и вмонтирован непосредственно в коробку. В машине есть электрические стеклоподъемники, регулировка зеркал, кондиционер, обогрев сидений и функция опускания подголовников.

Технические характеристики

Американцы никогда не любили малолитражные моторы. И минивэн Ford Aerostar не стал исключением. Так, автомобиль укомплектовывался двумя силовыми установками. Базовым для минивэна «Форд Аэростар» является трехлитровый бензиновый агрегат на шесть цилиндров. Максимальная мощность данного двигателя составляет 135 лошадиных сил. Разумеется, у этого минивэна Ford Aerostar характеристики динамики очень слабые. Но и создавался он не для дрэга, а для комфортных семейных поездок. С 89-го года линейка двигателей пополнилась новым бензиновым агрегатом. Этот мотор имеет V-образное расположение цилиндров и рабочий объем в 4 литра. Но ввиду отсутствия турбины, с этого мотора удается получить только 155 лошадиных сил мощности. Оба агрегата отличались нижним расположением распределительного вала и цепным приводом ГРМ. Среди новшеств - гидрокомпенсаторы клапанов. Теперь все зазоры регулируются автоматически, при помощи давления масла.

Трансмиссия, расход

Изначально на «Форд Аэростар» устанавливалась механическая коробка передач. Но спустя пару лет завод полностью перешел на автоматику. Почти 90 процентов «Фордов Аэростар» можно встретить с классической четырехдиапазонной АКПП с гидротрансформатором. Коробка достаточно проста в устройстве и получила звание «неубиваемой». Но в плане расхода топлива «Форд Аэростар» никогда не был экономичным. Так, в городском режиме минивэн потреблял не менее 18 литров топлива. А по трассе показатель никогда не опускался ниже 12-ти. В связи с таким расходом топлива, встает вопрос об установке газобаллонного оборудования. Те редкие экземпляры, которые каким-то образом попали в Россию или страны СНГ, уже давно ездят на ГБО. В противном случае эксплуатация такого авто становится нерентабельной и бессмысленной.

Ходовая часть

Машина имеет классическую компоновку подвески с верхними и нижними рычагами, а также телескопическими амортизаторами. «Форд Аэростар» имеет высокую плавность хода. Это отличный автомобиль для дальних поездок. Рулевое управление – реечного типа, с гидравлическим усилителем. Тормоза – дисковые спереди и барабанные сзади.

Заключение

Итак, мы рассмотрели, какие особенности имеет данный минивэн. Машина сильно устарела внешне и внутри, но продолжает радовать владельца комфортом. Главная беда для «американца» - расход топлива. Также еще одна проблема для минивэна Ford Aerostar – запчасти. Найти нужную деталь можно только под заказ, из США. А если и удастся купить что-то в России, то за немыслимые деньги. Эта машина очень неликвидна на российском рынке.

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Ford Aerostar

Ford Aerostar, автомобиль у нас практически неизвестный, а ведь именно Аеростар стал первым минивеном Ford. Это довольно массовый автомобиль, который с 1985-ого по 1997-ой год, был распродан в количестве более 2 -ух миллионов экземпляров. Абсолютное большинство Аеростаров было продано в США, и поэтому встретить такую машину у нас — очень и очень сложно, тем не менее и среди наших автолюбителей находятся люди которых привлекает большой семиместный салон, позволяющий даже двум семьям отправляться в длительное путешествие на одном автомобиле. В этот раз autobelyavcev.ru посвятит строки уже старенькому, но интересному автомобилю — Форд Аеростар.

Не смотря на всю свою вместимость, длина стандартного Аеростара не так и велика — 4 442мм, но версия Long значительно длиннее — 4 834мм, ширина и высота обеих модификаций одинакова — 1 821мм и 1 834мм соответственно. Диаметр разворота «короткого» минивена равен 9.9м. Снаряженная масса Аеростара с наиболее распространенным двигателем — V6 3. 0 — 1 516кг. Не смотря на значительную высоту кузова и даже его некую угловатость, в плане аеродинамики Аеростар очень не плох, коэффициент его лобового сопротивления равен 0.37, для сравнения коэффициент лобового сопротивления ВАЗовской «восьмерки» равен 0.463. С завода Форд Аеростар обувается в шины размерностью: 205/70 R14. В 1991-ом году Аеростар был модифицирован, обновленный минивен можно узнать по более прозрачным сигналам поворота — обратите внимание на фото, сверху размещены фото дорестайлингового минивена.

Форд Аеростар — это хороший вариант для водителя который использует автомобиль не только для перевозки людей, но и для перевозки грузов, максимальный объем багажного отсека этого вена — 3 835л. Ранние машины оснащались рычагом автомата закрепленным на трансмиссионном тоннеле, но позже рычаг автомата стал подрулевым — как на классических американских автомобилях.

Технические Характеристики Ford Aerostar

Наиболее часто под капотом этого американского вена, встречается бензиновый V6 объемом в 2 979мм. Это нижневальный мотор, но при этом оснащенный гидрокомпенсаторами. Мощность данного движка — 135л.с, крутящий момент — 217Н.М. Степень сжатия в 9.3:1, позволяет использовать 92-ой бензин и не боятся детонации. Привод газораспределительного механизма приводится в движение цепью, что также повышает надежность двенадцатиклапанного двигателя. По отзывам владельцев, этот американский аппарат расходует 15л бензина в городском цикле. Максимальная скорость Аеростара с трехлитровым V6 — 152км.

Наиболее ранние вены оснащались четырехцилиндровым 2.3, мощностью в 100л.с и V6 объемом в 2.8л и мощностью в 115л.с. Первый мотор устанавливался на минивен Форд до 1988-ого года, а второй до 1987-ого года.

Кроме вышеописанных двигателей, Форд Таурус оснащался четырехлитровым V6 мощностью в 155 лошадиных сил и тяговым усилием в 305Н.М.

Аеростар оснащался передними дисковыми и задними, традиционными для Америки — барабанными тормозами, коробка передач может быть пятискоростной механической, или четырехскоростной автоматической. Бензобак аеростара вмещает 80 литров топлива, что при 11-ати — 12-ати литрах в трассовом режиме, обуславливает весьма неплохую дальность хода. Привод у этого вена — задний.

Цена Форд Аеростар

Купить Ford Aerostar можно за 4 000$. Такова цена ухоженного Ford Aerostar с двигателем объемом в 3.0л.

Конечно — сегодня это уже старый автомобиль, но в руках любящего свой автомобиль владельца, такой автомобиль будет служить верой и правдой еще его детям.

autobelyavcev.ru

Ford Aerostar

Ford Aerostar (русск. Форд Аэростар) — первый минивэн компании Ford, созданный в 1986 году. Модель и до сегодняшних дней пользуется большой популярностью в США. Основная роль этого автомобиля — индивидуальный и семейный транспорт (вмещает до 7 пассажиров). В гамме были предоставлены версии с удлиненной базой и восьмиместным салоном. Специалисты высоко оценили Ford Aerostar из-за повышенной комфортности и высокого уровня безопасности и защищенности пассажиров с водителем в случае лобового столкновения. Ford Aerostar выпускался более десяти лет, в 1997 году его сняли с производства.

Содержание

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Особенности Править

Издаётся звуковой сигнал при открывании двери, если в замке всё ещё присутствует ключ зажигания или кто-то забыл выключить свет. По всему салону предусмотрено наличие различных ящичков, углублений и сеток для вещей, выдвижные подстаканники и полочки для еды в дороге. Для задних пассажиров предусмотрено управление приёмником и обогревом.

Кузов и салон Править

Название Значение
Тип кузова Минивэн
Количество дверей 4
Количество мест 5
Длина 4442 мм
Ширина 1821 мм
Высота 1851 мм
Колесная база 3020 мм
Колея передняя 1562 мм
Колея задняя 1524 мм
Клиренс 180мм
Объём багажника максимальный 3835 л
Объём багажника минимальный 0 л
Объем багажника максимальный 3835 л
Объем багажника минимальный 0 л

Сидения водителя и переднего пассажира мягкие с опускающимися подлокотниками, а сзади находятся два ряда съёмных сидений: 1 ряд — на два человека, 2-й ряд — на три. Выходят задние пассажиры через боковую дверь, которая сдвигается назад. Машина обладает хорошими свойствами универсальности салона, оборудования и отделки, к примеру задние сидения снимаются одним человеком в течение пяти минут, а для удобства водителя все переключатели и регуляторы с подсветкой, в том числе и ключ замка зажигания.

Двигатель Править

Название Значение
Расположение двигателя Спереди, продольно
Объем двигателя 2979 см³
Мощность 135 л.с.
При оборотах 4600
Крутящий момент 217/2800 н*м
Система питания Распределенный впрыск
Наличие турбонадува -
Расположение цилиндров V-образный
Количество цилиндров 6
Диаметр цилиндра 89
Ход поршня 80 мм
Степень сжатия 9.3
Количество клапанов на цилиндр 2
Топливо АИ-92

Главная движущая сила — это шестицилиндровый двигатель объёмом 3 литра мощностью в 135 л.с., конструктивно выполнены нижнее расположение распредвала, цепной привод, гидрокомпенсаторы и толкатели клапанов. Следует заметить, что у Aerostar большой расход топлива: порядка 15-16 л на 100 км в городе и 10-12 литров по трассе.

Трансмиссия Править

Название Значение
Привод Задний
Кол-во передач (мех коробка) 5
Кол-во передач (автомат коробка) 4

Aerostar — заднеприводный автомобиль. На нём применена стандартная подвеска с верхними и нижними рычагами. Рычаг переключения режимов АКПП — под рулем. ( на более ранних моделях на полу между водителем и пассажиром переднего ряда) АКПП - A4LD ( с 1986 - 1994г.), 4R55EE (c 1994года), 5R55E ( 1996-1997г.)

Подвеска Править

Название Значение
Тип передней подвески Двойной поперечный рычаг
Тип задней подвески Винтовая пружина

Грузоподъемность Aerostar составляет 843 кг.

Рулевое управление Править

Название Значение
Механизм рулевого управления Реечный
Диаметр разворота 9.9 м
Усилитель руля Гидроусилитель

Тормозная система Править

Название Значение
Передние тормоза Дисковые вентилируемые
Задние тормоза Барабанные
АБС есть
Наличие Brake Assist есть

Наличие Brake Assist первого поколения, позволяющяя отключать задний контур тормозов, при утечке тормозной жидкости........

Эксплуатационные показатели Править

Название Значение
Объем топливного бака 85 л
Снаряженная масса автомобиля 1516 кг
Размер шин 205/70 R14,215/70 R14.

Размер дисков 6J 5Х114,3 67,1

Недостатки Править

В более ранних моделях Aerostar до 1990 года, отсутствуют электрорегулировка стекол и зеркал.

Ссылки Править

en:Ford Aerostar fr:Ford Aerostar lt:Ford Aerostar pt:Ford Aerostar

ru.pages.wikia.com

Ford Aerostar

  • 0 Ответы 3 Просмотры Последнее сообщение Александр Вчера, 20:49
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  • Продаю автомобиль и запчасти Последнее сообщение 89686857344 « 30 июн 2017, 16:05 Ответы: 3 Каракат » 02 мар 2017, 15:05 » в форуме Автомобили и запчасти Первое сообщение Добрый день. Продам своего железного коня. Ford Aerostar 1991 г.в. Технически машина в хорошем состоянии. Есть вопросы по кузову, нужно заниматься салоном. С документами порядок.Машина находиться в г. Псков. Если интересно, звоните, всё расскажу. +7-953-246-60-78 Павел Последнее сообщение 3 Ответы 303 Просмотры Последнее сообщение 89686857344 30 июн 2017, 16:05
  • Привет всем аэростаровцам! Последнее сообщение Polar44 « 16 апр 2017, 12:42 Ответы: 7 Andrey » 30 май 2014, 08:40 » в форуме Перепись аэростароводов Первое сообщение Что-то тишина на форуме, давайте активнее. :) Наши машинки ещё походят. нет повода для грусти! :muza: :muza: :wink: :wink: :wink: :clever: Последнее сообщение Всем привет!предлогают аэростар1995г. В хорошем состоянии3.0бензин установлен газ4 поколения 4 акпп после кап ремонта. На что обратить внимание перед покупкой?спасибо!! 7 Ответы 2389 Просмотры Последнее сообщение Polar44 16 апр 2017, 12:42

  • Перепись аэростароводов Раздел для первоначального знакомства. Напишите здесь о себе, разместите отзыв о своём Аэростаре, покажите его и свои фотографии! 1 Темы 8 Сообщения Последнее сообщение Re: Привет всем аэростаровцам! Polar44 Перейти к последнему сообщению 16 апр 2017, 12:42
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ford-aerostar.ru

Ford Aerostar

The Ford Aerostar was Ford's first minivan and was introduced in the summer of 1985 as a 1986 model. It was available in passenger van (Wagon) and cargo van (Van) versions. In 1989, an extended-length model was introduced with an all-wheel drive option following in 1990. The Aerostar was produced only under the Ford brand, while Mercury's first minivan was the Mercury Villager which debuted for the 1993 model year.

The Aerostar was dropped after the 1997 model year after being replaced by the Windstar in the 1995 model year and being sold alongside it from 1995 to 1997. The 2010 Transit Connect is the closest replacement to the Aerostar cargo van.

Overview

The Ford Aerostar was Ford's first minivan, and was introduced as a 1986 model in summer 1985. The Aerostar was unique since it combined the trucklike rear-wheel drive and towing capacity of the Chevrolet Astro/GMC Safari with car-like user-friendliness of the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager. The Aerostar is often referred to as a "midivan" along with the RWD GM vans, due to its being larger than Chrysler's minvans but smaller than a traditional full-size van. Like Chrysler's minivans, the Aerostar was exported to Europe in small numbers, which is why the rear license surround is sized to accommodate European number plates in addition to American ones. The aerodynamic sloped-nosed styling resembled the Ford Taurus introduced alongside it for 1986. An early commercial ad campaign compared the side profile of the Aerostar to that of the NASA Space Shuttle. For much of its later life, the Aerostar would be marketed as part of Ford's light-truck lineup.

The Aerostar differed from other minivans of its time because it was built on a dedicated platform of its own. The official platform designation for the Aerostar is VN1, which was also the first American Ford to use an alphanumeric platform designation (as opposed to "Fox" or "Panther") This design was developed because the designers in Ford's truck office were unfamiliar and uncomfortable with unibody construction. As a result, the frame rails were integrated into the unibody (this construction was also used on the Chevrolet Astro/GMC Safari vans, the second-generation Jeep Cherokee), and today's Honda Ridgeline pickup. Unlike the front-wheel drive Chrysler minivans and their later clones, the Aerostar was designed as a rear-wheel drive vehicle. This compromised interior space somewhat (the interior floor was higher) but provided superior towing ability as well as increased traction when loaded.

Since the Aerostar used truck parts (the brake rotors, axle bearings, wheels, etc. were all interchangeable with the Ford Ranger, Bronco II, and Explorer), essentially any interchangeable truck option for power and suspension was available. Many Aerostar owners upgraded to 15- or 16-inch wheels from an Explorer or Ranger. One noted difference is that the Aerostar had a 3-link coil spring rear suspension with a live axle, similar to the Ford Crown Victoria and Fox-body Mustang.

First generation (1986-1991)

At its launch, the Aerostar was available in a single body length and as a base-model cargo van, XL base-model wagon, and XLT deluxe-trim wagon. The base engine was a 2.3 L four-cylinder, while the 2.8 L Cologne V6 was optional. The Cologne V6 was replaced for 1987 with the 3.0 L Vulcan V6.

For 1988, the 4-cylinder engine was dropped. As the V6 was now standard, the V6 emblem on the front fenders was removed. Two-tone paint was dropped from the XLT model, and the Aerostar script was moved from the front fenders to the left side of the rear hatch; the box beneath it showing the trim level changed from a red background to a gray one.

The Eddie Bauer model was introduced as an upscale model for 1988. It shared most of its features with XLT models (most XLT options were included as standard equipment), but with unique outdoors-themed trim. Two-tone paint schemes were used, but instead of the side panel being an accent between the upper and lower body, the rocker panels and wheel well trim are painted tan as the accent. Aluminum wheels (of the same 14" diameter) were standard on the Eddie Bauer, but are available on XLT wagons as an option. Inside, 2nd-row "quad" bucket seats are an option on both Eddie Bauer and XLT trim.

1989 facelift

1989-91 Aerostar XLT Wagon

For 1989, Ford made minor but noticeable detail changes to the exterior. The grille changed from a chrome egg-crate style to dark gray with 3 horizontal slats. An extended-length variant that added 14" to the cargo area was introduced for both van and wagon bodies. New wheel covers were introduced to differentiate the Aerostar's wheels from those on the Ranger/Bronco II. One style was shared with the Tempo, while the other (5 triangular holes, with slotted spokes) was unique to the Aerostar. Optional side mirrors integrated onto the door pillar replaced less-aerodynamic "trailer-towing mirrors" shared with the Ranger and Bronco II.

In 1990 the Aerostar overtook the Astro and Safari twins in sales to move from 3rd to 2nd behind Chrysler. The 4.0L Cologne V6 was added, and E-4WD (Electronic 4-Wheel Drive) all-wheel drive became an option. The Aerostar was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 1990.[1]

Powertrain 4-cylinder engines Engine Name Displacement Horsepower Years Available Notes Lima SOHC inline-4 V6 engines Engine Name Displacement Horsepower Years Available Notes Cologne OHV V6 Vulcan OHV V6 Cologne OHV V6 Transmissions Name Manufacturer Type Years Available Notes TK5 M5OD A4LD
2.3L 100 hp (75 kW) 1986-1987
2.8L 115 hp (86 kW) 1986 The Aerostar was the last North American Ford to use this variant of the Cologne V6.
3.0L 145 hp (108 kW) 1987-1991 The Vulcan was the only engine available for 1988 and 1989.
4.0L 155 hp (116 kW) 1990-1991 The 4.0L V6 was mandatory with the E-4WD option.
Toyo-Kogyo (Mazda) 5-speed manual 1986-1987
Mazda 5-speed manual 1988-1991
Ford 4-speed automatic 1986-1991

Second generation (1992-97)

For 1992, the Aerostar received minor design changes on the exterior to improve its aerodynamics. The interior received a major redesign as Ford added a driver airbag as standard equipment; 3-point seatbelts on all outboard seats were also added.

Exterior

Although no sheetmetal was changed, the Aerostar now had a much different look up front (certainly when compared to the 1986 model). To live up to the "aero" part of its name, the old-style sealed-beam headlights were replaced with the flush-lens composite type being integrated into all Ford cars and trucks. The front turn signal lenses changed from all-amber to mostly clear in color to match the headlights. The grille insert was changed yet again, although this time, the Ford logo was moved from the center to the top third of the grille. This was done to match the similarly-redesigned Econoline and the then-new Explorer. The Aerostar's distinctive A-pillar windows were blacked out further to look slightly smaller.

  • Two-tone paint was re-introduced as an option on XLT wagons, but instead of the Eddie Bauer tan, silver was the typical accent color.
  • Bumpers gained a monochromatic appearance on 2-tone vans, but still were gray on single-color vans. Non-metallic wheel covers were introduced.
Interior

In response to safety trends, Ford introduced a driver-side SRS airbag for 1992. With this change, Ford took the opportunity to make somewhat major changes to the gauge panel, climate controls, and switched other controls to parts common to other Ford vehicles (such as the wipers and lights). The gear selector for the automatic moved from the floor to the steering column, yet the handbrake remained (a quirk common to all Ford minivans). The placement of the radio controls stayed the same, but the faceplate was updated from the mid-1980s design.

  • Eddie Bauer models received the option of leather seating surfaces.
  • 1993 introduces the option of integrated child seats.
  • 1994 adds a CHMSL (center brake light) to the rear hatch.
  • 1995 Body-color bumpers become available to wagons without 2-tone paint.
  • 1996 Is carryover and is the final year for non-XLT models.

1997 is the final model year for the Aerostar; it is only available as the Van or the XLT Wagon. Although the Wagon only comes in XLT trim, it is still sold with or without options and features.

  • The 4.0L V6 gets paired with a 5-speed automatic transmission; this is a first for minivans.
  • On the taillights, the amber turn indicators are replaced with red ones.
    • The unique taillights are often a popular choice of pre-1997 Aerostar owners who customize their vehicles.
    • Retrofitting these to a pre-1997 Aerostar requires drilling an extra hole inside for the turn signal indicator.
  • Seven-hole 14x6" wheels (1" wider than normal) are introduced as a final-year option.
Powertrain Engines Engine Name Displacement Horsepower Years Available Notes Vulcan OHV V6 Cologne OHV V6 Transmissions Name Manufacturer Type Years Available Notes M5OD A4LD 4R44E 4R55E 5R55E
3.0L 145 hp (108 kW) 1992-1997
4.0L 160 hp (119 kW) 1992-1997 This engine was mandatory with the E-4WD option.
Mazda 5-speed manual 1992-1995 The manual-transmission option for the Aerostar was dropped after 1995
Ford 4-speed automatic 1992-1995 Available with both engines.
Ford 4-speed automatic 1996-1997 Available with the Vulcan V6 only.
Ford 4-speed automatic 1996 Available with the Cologne V6 only; replaced in 1997 by the 5R55E
Ford 5-speed automatic 1997 Available only with the Cologne V6; this was the first 5-speed automatic in a minivan.

Aerostar models and trim levels

Ford called the passenger version of the Aerostar the Wagon and the cargo version the Van; the wagon came in 3 trim levels and both Wagons and Vans were available in two lengths.

The cargo version of the Aerostar did not sell as well as the wagon, as the Aerostar's in-between size worked against it in comparison to the GM Astro/Safari twins. Aside from the lack of windows and trimmed interior, Aerostar cargo vans differed little from Aerostar wagons. One difference that was externally visible was the use of double doors on the rear instead of a hatch. On these, the license-plate opening was American-sized instead of the wagon's European-sized one (the cargo van was not exported). The Aerostar Van did not catch on as a base for conversion vans either.

The Van was sold with any available engine and came in both standard and extended lengths.

Aerostar XL

1989-1991 version

1992-1996 version

The XL was the standard trim for the Wagon from 1986 to 1996; it was available in both body lengths with rear wheel drive.

The XL was the base model of the wagon. It also was the most popular model early on in the Aerostar's life. Most XLT features were available as extra-cost options on the XL, so not all XLs were stripped models. An "XL Plus" model featured a lot of options grouped together such as power windows and locks, rear A/C, etc but lacked the XLT's alloy wheels, upgraded cloth seats, etc.

The XL was available in both body lengths; any engine was available, but only in rear-wheel drive.

Ford Aerostar XLT

1989-1991 model

1992-1996 model

The XLT trim was the deluxe trim level; it was available from 1986 to 1997 in any body length in rear wheel drive or all wheel drive.

The XLT was the deluxe model of the Aerostar lineup and eventually overtook the XL in sales. The XLT was available in either body length and could be ordered with any engine (although few came with the smallest engine available). The XLT was available in both rear and all-wheel drive (the latter, from 1990-1997)

Standard Features
  • Power Windows and Locks
  • Power Mirrors
  • Privacy Glass
  • Rear Windshield Wiper/Defogger
Optional Features
  • Digital Instruments with Tachometer
  • Overhead Trip Computer with Auto-Dimming Rearview Mirror
    • Trip Computer features include: Distance to Empty (English/Metric), Trip Mileage, Average Fuel Economy, Instant Fuel Economy, Average Speed (English/Metric), along with dual map lights.
  • Folding center armrests in both bench seats (console in rear)
  • Rear Climate Control
  • Folding Rear Bench Seat (after mid-1989)
  • Dome light with dual map lights
  • Rear Audio Controls
  • 2nd-row Captains Chairs (Quad Seats)
  • 8-speaker stereo with cassette player
  • Anti-Lock Brakes (rear-wheel only, later made standard)
  • Electronic 4-wheel Drive
  • Aluminum Wheels
  • Two-Tone Paint (accent color on side panels)
Aerostar Eddie Bauer

The Aerostar was one of the first Fords (and to date, the only van) to be branded in Eddie Bauer trim. It combined the features of the XLT with two-tone exterior paint (tan as the accent color on the rocker panels and wheel trim) and a tan interior (cloth standard, with leather as an option). One usually overlooked feature of the Eddie Bauer package is that the middle and rear bench seats would fold out flat converting the two bench seats into a bed, though quad seats ("captain's chairs") were often ordered as an option.

The Eddie Bauer was available in either body length; the extended-length version was far more popular. It was offered only with the largest engine, so only the 1988-1989 versions came with a 3.0L V6. Like the XLT, it was offered in rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive, with the latter proving very popular.

Extended-length Aerostar Wagons

1989-1991 version

1992-1996 version

The extended-length Aerostar was available as a Wagon or a Van in all trim levels from 1989 to 1997.

In 1989, to counter Chrysler's "Grand" vans, Ford added roughly 14" behind the 3rd seat to create an extended-length model; it never received a separate model designation. The 119" wheelbase was kept the same, as it was already longer than that of a Lincoln Town Car (nearly identical to the Chrysler "Grand" vans). With the added cargo space, this version quickly overtook the standard length in sales.

Available with:

  • Aerostar Van
  • Aerostar XL Wagon (Rear-wheel drive only)
  • Aerostar XLT Wagon
  • Aerostar Eddie Bauer Wagon
Aerostar Sport

From 1994 to 1996. the Sport option package was available for any non-Eddie Bauer Wagon (usually an XL). However, this was an cosmetic upgrade only; the 140-hp Vulcan V6 was still under the hood of XL versions with this option.

The Sport Package upgrades consisted of:

  • Two-tone paint (usually bright silver on the bottom, with another bright color as an accent)
  • Front Air Dam
  • Integrated Running Boards with an "AEROSTAR" logo
  • Full Wheel Covers on XL
  • Alloy Wheels on XLT
  • Color-keyed Rear Mud Flaps
  • Digital Speedometer
  • Road Trip Computer
  • Radio equalizer

Starting in 1990 and on through 1997, Ford offered an electronically controlled all-wheel drive option on XLT and Eddie Bauer models. This was a different system than other four-wheel-drive Ford vehicles in that the system engaged when it detected rear wheel spin, powering the front wheels automatically with no driver input required. Unlike most four-wheel-drive vehicles the system used on the Aerostar is more precisely described as "All Wheel Drive". It is distinctly different from traditional four-wheel-drive systems and other modern-day versions. The difference is that the Aerostar's unique Dana TC28 transfer case employs a true center differential, though this center-differential is regulated by an electronically controlled electro-magnetic clutch, this means that all four wheels are essentially powered at all times.

All four-wheel-drive (called "E4WD" by Ford, standing for Electronic 4 Wheel Drive) Aerostars used the 4.0 L Cologne V6 rated at 160 hp (119 kW).

Interior details

A digital instrument panel with full instruments was optional on all Aerostar wagons, but primarily offered on XLT and Eddie Bauer models. The analog panel had the same instruments as the digital one, but without a tachometer. 1992 changed all odometers to digital numbers.

  • The Aerostar's optional electronic digital odometer, available 1986-91, would roll over to 100,000.0 miles (160,934.4 km) after it registered 199,999.9 miles (321,868.6 km) (example pic). This oddity continued for several years, but after 1992 model year, this anomaly had been corrected. Since the kilometer output would also roll over at the 200,000.0 mark, one needed to compare the two outputs to determine the true mileage on the odometer.

All Eddie Bauer and XLT Aerostars (and the majority of XL-trim as well) had air conditioning as standard. Rear air conditioning was optional. The 2nd-row windows on the Aerostar slid open, in a way similar to the VW Vanagon.

When the floor shifter for the automatic transmission was deleted for 1992, an optional floor console was relocated in its place. It offered 2 small cupholders and a coin holder (previously in the glovebox). An overhead trip computer didn't have the compass or thermometer of Chrysler models, but it calculated trip mileage (in addition to the trip odometer), fuel economy (average and instant), distance to empty, as well as average speed. Its two map lights were in addition to the 2 already attached to the XLT's dome light. Another quirk in early Aerostars is the six ashtrays and 2 cigar lighters; obviously, the interior was designed with a smoker in mind. Optional on the XLT and Eddie Bauer were audio controls for the rear seats; these offered twin headphone ports for the middle row seats along with a mute button for the 4 rear speakers.

Phase-out and decline

1997 Aerostar Wagon in use as a police vehicle.

Ford began to phase out the Aerostar in 1995. The Windstar was the de facto replacement for the wagon model, although Ford marketed it to a different audience (Ford marketed the Aerostar as a truck; the Windstar was considered a car). Although both the Windstar and the Freestar have been offered in cargo van versions, the most direct replacement to the Aerostar Van is the 2010 Transit Connect.

The Aerostar was sold until March 17, 1997, after overlapping with the Windstar for 3 model years.

In 1990, Ford overtook General Motors to claim the #2 spot in the minivan sales race. However, Chrysler's minivan was so successful that newer designs (the GM APV vans and the Mercury Villager/Nissan Quest) all were influenced by its front-wheel drive unibody layout. Even Volkswagen had followed suit with its EuroVan. Ford took note of this and planned for a 1994 introduction of the 1995 Windstar, a minivan designed with a Chrysler-style front-wheel drive unibody layout. In the fashion that the Aerostar was related to Ford's other light trucks of the time, the Windstar was mechanically similar to the upcoming 1996 Ford Taurus. The original plan was that 1994 was to be the last year for the Aerostar.

When word of this plan became public, Ford's headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan was bombarded with letters from the public and dealerships, insisting that the Aerostar continue production. Ford relented and announced that the Aerostar and Windstar would be sold together for the time being due to popular demand. Also, that gave Ford Motor Company three distinct minivans (Aerostar, Windstar, Villager) for two nameplates compared to Chrysler Corporation's one minivan(Voyager/Caravan/Town and Country) for three nameplates.

When the Aerostar was introduced in 1986, there were only three four-door SUVs in the American marketplace (AMC had the Jeep Cherokee and Jeep Wagoneer; General Motors, the Chevrolet Suburban/GM Suburban. The 1991 replacement of the 2-door Bronco II with the 2 and 4-door Explorer proved successful, and Ford soon had the best-selling compact SUV in America. By the mid-1990s, the image of minivans was less appealing than that of an SUV, so many buyers traded in their minivans to purchase SUVs. The Explorer superseded the Aerostar in the same way that the Aerostar took the place of the Country Squire a decade earlier.

The Aerostar and Explorer were both manufactured in the now-closed St. Louis, Missouri facility. As the 1990s progressed, this posed a problem for Ford as every Aerostar made was now becoming a missed opportunity for Ford to sell an Explorer. Ford announced in 1996 that the 1997 model year would be the final year for Aerostar production. However, the outcry over the cancellation was not as significant as it was in 1994 because minivans in general were starting to decline in popularity.

With the Windstar, Ford had started to use safety as part of its marketing campaign towards potential buyers. However, this proved a major problem for the Aerostar. Although the Aerostar had offered a driver-side airbag since 1992, Ford was faced with the challenge of integrating dual airbags if it wanted to sell an Aerostar in 1998. The majority of the unibody would have needed a ground-up redesign to pass new crash standards; potential sales increases did not justify that cost, as Ford was already designing a new generation Windstar to make up for the omission of dual sliding doors (a feature the Aerostar also lacked).

The legacy of the Aerostar

Like Ford's other groundbreaking 1986 introduction (the Taurus), the Aerostar has gone on to influence many of its competitors' designs, even today.

  • The Aerostar was the first widely-available minivan to offer all-wheel drive, predicting today's crossovers.
    • Introduced in 1990 model year.
  • The Aerostar was the first minivan to offer 6-cylinder engines exclusively.
    • The "Lima" 4-cylinder was dropped after the 1987 model year.
  • The Aerostar Eddie Bauer was the first upscale minivan.
    • Introduced in 1988 model year; the Chrysler Town and Country was introduced as a minivan in 1990.
  • The Aerostar's 2nd-row wide-opening windows were unique among American minivans.
  • The 1997 Aerostar's 5R55E transmission was the first 5-speed automatic transmission in a minivan.

References

  • 1st Aerostar Advertisement

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